What motivational theory explains why a person would run a marathon?

What motivational theory explains why a person would run a marathon?

Incentive theory: Ben is motivated to run this marathon because he will receive an award, recognition, and/or praise, which are all incentives that motivate Ben. James-Lange theory: After Ben completes the marathon, he will recognize that he is tired because his legs feel weak and he is out of breath.

What is biological weight regulation?

Biological regulation of weight. hormones, that increase or decrease hunger, ghrelin, leptin. Sympathetic nervous system. the division of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body, mobilizing its energy in stressful situations.

What is motivation AP Psychology?

Motivations. – Feelings or ideas that cause us to act toward a goal. Instincts. – Automatic behaviors performed in response to specific stimuli. – Even though psychologists debate whether humans are born with any instincts, they agree that our behavior is also motivated by other biological and psychological factors.

Why do we feel driven to experience stimulation?

According to the arousal theory of motivation, each person has a unique arousal level that is right for them. When our arousal levels drop below these personalized optimal levels, we seek some sort of stimulation to elevate them. When we become overly aroused, we seek soothing activities that help calm and relax us.

Which theory explains why even when our biological needs are satisfied we may still feel driven to experience stimulations?

Maslow’s theory defines motivation as the process of satisfying certain needs that are required for long-term development. According to Maslow, a need is a relatively lasting condition or feeling that requires relief or satisfaction, and it tends to influence action over the long term.

What are the main principles of arousal approaches to motivation?

What are the main principles of arousal approaches to motivation? We seek to increase and/or decrease excitement to maintain a certain level. There are ______ levels of needs proposed by Maslow in his Hierarchy of Needs model. Which accurately describes the evolutionary theory?

Are feelings that generally have both?

Definition of Emotion: Emotions are feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements that influence behavior.

What are the two kinds of theories about motivation?

We will discuss motivation theories under two categories: need-based theories and process theories.

Which of the following is the major source of energy in your body?

Carbohydrates are the main energy source of the human diet. The metabolic disposal of dietary carbohydrates is direct oxidation in various tissues, glycogen synthesis (in liver and muscles), and hepatic de novo lipogenesis.

Who proposed the drive reduction theory?

psychologist Clark Hull

What are the four theories of motivation?

There are four major theories in the need-based category: Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, ERG theory, Herzberg’s dual factor theory, and McClelland’s acquired needs theory.

What is instinct theory of motivation?

According to the instinct theory of motivation, all organisms are born with innate biological tendencies that help them survive. This theory suggests that instincts drive all behaviors. Instincts are goal-directed and innate patterns of behavior that are not the result of learning or experience.

When the lateral hypothalamus of a rat is destroyed it may most likely?

aphagic

When the lateral hypothalamus is destroyed rats will group of answer choices?

65. When the lateral hypothalamus is destroyed, rats will:overeat to the point of regurgitation. press a bar for food to the point of exhaustion. eat excessive amounts of sugary food, but avoid foods high in protein.

What will happen if the lateral hypothalamus of a rat is destroyed?

A starving rat will lose all interest in food if what part of its brain is destroyed? Lateral hypothalamus. The lateral hypothalamus, when stimulated, causes the feeling of hunger. If the lateral hypothalamus is destroyed, an organism will no longer experience the feeling of hunger.

What happens if the lateral hypothalamus of a rat is lesioned?

Ten-day-old rats with unilateral damage to the lateral hypothalamus show retarded growth, food and water intake regulatory deficits, and altered sensitivity to quinine adulteration of the water for up to 60 days of age.

What part of the brain is most closely linked to controlling the feeling of hunger?

hypothalamus

What is the lateral hypothalamus responsible for?

The lateral hypothalamus (LH), also called the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA), contains the primary orexinergic nucleus within the hypothalamus that widely projects throughout the nervous system; this system of neurons mediates an array of cognitive and physical processes, such as promoting feeding behavior and …

What are three biological factors that influence hunger?

The brain, the digestive system, and hormones are all involved in influencing hunger at the biological level.

How does lateral hypothalamus affect hunger?

The lateral hypothalamus responds to any internal or external stimulation that causes you to feel hungry. Once you’ve eaten, the ventromedial hypothalamus sends signals telling you when you’re feeling full and have had enough food. When you eat, your stomach waits to be filled by that same amount of food.

What area of the brain is primarily responsible for receiving signals of hunger?

The amygdala is the primary brain area regulating appetite with response to emotions. Indeed, the amygdala activates to food cues [124, 125], and this response is increased in childhood, adolescent, and adult obesity [126-129].

What part of the brain regulates emotions?

limbic system

Can the brain impact eating behaviors?

Eating behavior is also believed to be linked with brain networks besides factors such as hormone modulation, impulsivity and inhibitory control1. Reward networks including the orbitofrontal cortex and insula are the most affected by eating behaviors12,13,14,15.

What triggers hunger in the brain?

Hunger is partly controlled by a part of your brain called the hypothalamus, your blood sugar (glucose) level, how empty your stomach and intestines are, and certain hormone levels in your body.

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