What refers to a gradual reduction in the strength of a response due to repetitive stimulation?
Habituation. refers to a gradual reduction in the strength of a response due to a repetitive stimulation.
Which is the best description of habituation?
Habituation is a decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated presentations. For example, a new sound in your environment, such as a new ringtone, may initially draw your attention or even become distracting.
Which brain structure is the reason for human’s highly developed intelligence?
Humans have a very large and highly developed outer layer known as the cerebral cortex (see Figure 3.7 “Cerebral Cortex”), which makes us particularly adept at these processes. The major brain parts are colored and labeled.
Can you think of examples of the use of classical conditioning on infants in everyday life?
When a child goes in for a routine immunization, they may not know exactly what to expect. After they feel the slight pain of the shot, they may start to cry and get upset at just the sight of the needle on subsequent visits. This type of classical conditioning can even happen vicariously.
What is the best way to change behavior according to operant conditioning?
The most effective way to teach a person or animal a new behavior is with positive reinforcement. In positive reinforcement, a desirable stimulus is added to increase a behavior. For example, you tell your five-year-old son, Jerome, that if he cleans his room, he will get a toy.
Can you apply the principles of operant conditioning to change your own behavior?
You can apply this theory to yourself by finding positive pairings that enhance behavioral change, or by removing negative associations that reinforce bad habits. Operant Conditioning is another type of learning process that uses reinforcement or punishment to shape desired behavior.
What is the most effective schedule of reinforcement?
Continuous reinforcement schedules are most effective when trying to teach a new behavior. It denotes a pattern to which every narrowly-defined response is followed by a narrowly-defined consequence.
What are secondary rewards?
Secondary rewards derive their value from primary rewards. Money is a good example. They can be produced experimentally by pairing a neutral stimulus with a known reward. Things such as pleasurable touch and beautiful music are often said to be secondary rewards, but such claims are questionable.
What is the psychology of reward?
In everyday use the word “reward” describes an event that produces a pleasant or positive affective experience. Among behavior scientists, reward is often used to describe an event that increases the probability or rate of a behavior when the event is contingent on the behavior.
What is reward system psychology?
The term reward system refers to a group of structures that are activated by rewarding or reinforcing stimuli (e.g. addictive drugs). Another major dopamine pathway, the mesocortical pathway, travels from the VTA to the cerebral cortex and is also considered part of the reward system.