What replaced the plantation system in the South after the Civil War?

What replaced the plantation system in the South after the Civil War?

On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.

How did the plantation system change after the Civil War?

Out of the conflicts on the plantations, new systems of labor slowly emerged to take the place of slavery. Sharecropping dominated the cotton and tobacco South, while wage labor was the rule on sugar plantations. Increasingly, both white and black farmers came to depend on local merchants for credit.

Why did the plantation system end?

Instead, cotton plantations flourished, so much so that their relentless expansion farther and farther west helped provoke the sectional crisis that led to the Civil War. Because the Civil War resulted in the death of slavery, it would make sense to terminate the history of the plantation system at the same point.

Why did the South not industrialize?

The major reason that industry did not take off in the South was slavery. By the time that industry arose in the rest of the US, slavery was so entrenched in the South that industry could not take hold. So the main barrier between the South and industrialization was slavery.

What were three negative effects of industrialization?

Although there are several positives to the Industrial Revolution there were also many negative elements, including: poor working conditions, poor living conditions, low wages, child labor, and pollution.

Why did the industrialize the South?

Industrialization in the South encouraged the development of new white social classes. A new middle class of “town people,” composed mostly of newly wealthy merchants and mill owners, were mostly concerned with developing towns and industry. The primary concern of the town people was civic development.

What is the difference between Old South and New South?

From a cultural standpoint, the “Old South” is used to describe the rural, agriculturally-based, slavery-reliant economy and society in the Antebellum South, prior to the American Civil War (1861–65), in contrast to the “New South” of the post-Reconstruction Era.

What characterized the New South?

The term “New South” refers to the economic shift from an exclusively agrarian society to one that embraced industrial development. These natural resources drew investors to Alabama, and from 1880 to 1890, the manufacture of iron products came to dominate industry in Alabama.

Why is the South romanticized?

When a civilization is destroyed, and the Antebellum South was a civilization destroyed by the Civil War, its survivors tend to romanticize their past. The post-war South was an economically deprived place for many and the subsequent generations grew up among the decayed grandeur of past days.

How did the New South differ from the old South quizlet?

A main difference between the Old South and the New South was the dramatic expansion of southern industry after the Civil War. Now, textile factories appeared in the south itself. Similarly, the tobacco-processing industry established an important foothold in the region.

Which is most associated with the New South?

Cotton and mills

Why did the New South fail quizlet?

Why did industry fail in the South? Despite the South’s high hopes, this burst of industrial development did not lift the region out of poverty. In 1900, 2/3s of all southerners made their living from the soil, just as they had in 1870.

What did the term New South mean quizlet?

Terms in this set (34) The New South. the idea that the south would industrialize and compete economically with the north. However, the south remained primarily agricultural and movement of the south went backwards. Henry Grady.

What was the idea of the new South quizlet?

After the Civil War, southerners promoted a new vision for a self-sufficient southern economy built on modern capitalist values, industrial growth, and improved transportation. Henry Grady played an important role. Hoped to “redeem” the south from Northern domination and a purely agrarian economy.

What was the focus of the new South economy?

Washington, New South advocates wanted southern economic regeneration, sectional reconciliation, racial harmony, and believed in the gospel of work. The rise of the New South however, involved the continued supremacy of whites over blacks, who had little or no political power.

What did the leaders of the New South movement promote?

Henry W. Grady, the editor of the Atlanta Constitution, promoted the vision for the New South at a meeting of the New England Society of New York. Proponents of the New South first turned to secondary crops that could thrive in southern soil. Tobacco was the second most vital crop after cotton to the pre-war South.

How successful was the idea of the New South?

Was The New South ideology successful? Economically, the idea of the New South didn’t come to fruition. The region remained largely rural, agrarian, and poor: by 1900, per capita income in the South was 40% less than the national income.

What were some possible results of the rise of the New South?

Discrimination in employment and housing and the legal segregation of public and private life reflected the rise of a new Jim Crow South. So-called Jim Crow laws legalized what custom had long dictated. Southern states and municipalities began proscribing racial segregation in public places and private lives.

What was the New South philosophy?

a philosophy that the southern economy should become more industrialized. the idea that African Americans should own more businesses*** the notion that traditional farming techniques should be maintained. a concept that allowed ownership of southern media.

When was the New South era?

“New South” Era: Populism. The Populist movement, which grew in Georgia during the 1880s and 1890s, began to reach out to urban workers.

What did the New South Gospel emphasized?

The New South gospel emphasized all the following EXCEPT: women’s rights. In the croplien system, farmers could grow little besides cotton, tobacco, or some other staple crop. The frontier Indian wars began with the closing of the frontier in 1890.

What factors led to the rise of the New South and what resulted?

The New South arose out of the impoverished, agrarian society that existed just after the American Civil War. Industrialization during World War II led to urban development and economic prosperity. Civil rights also characterized the New South.

What did advocates of the new South support?

What did advocates of the “New South” support? New South supporters advocated for modernization and industrialization instead of a slavery-based economy.

Which of the following was a leading champion of the New South?

Henry Grady, began to champion the cause of the “New South,” one that was industrial and selfsufficient. Entrepreneurs, both black and white, developed new services and products. Unfortunately, the “New South Era” was also a time of terrible racism and injustice. Segregation and “Jim Crow” were the law of the land.

Why did Factories develop slowly in the South?

Why did factories develop slowly in the South? 1)Slave discipline was difficult to maintain in a factory system. 3) Industrialization might have disrupted the traditional southern social structure. 4) To raise the capital needed to build factories, Southerners would have had to sell slaves.

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