What system of government is the European Union?
The EU is governed by the principle of representative democracy, with citizens directly represented at Union level in the European Parliament and Member States represented in the European Council and the Council of the EU.
How do the nations of the European Union work together?
The European Union is based on the rule of law. This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU countries. The treaties are negotiated and agreed by all the EU Member States and then ratified by their parliaments or by referendum.
What are the three governing bodies of the EU?
The European Commission, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union are the three central legislative institutions of the European Union and are often referred to as the EU’s ‘institutional triangle’.
Is the EU democratic?
In the European Union, there are two sources of democratic legitimacy: the European Parliament, chosen by the electorates of the individual EU countries; and the Council of the European Union (the “Council of Ministers”), together with the European Council (of heads of national governments), that represent the peoples …
Is the EU accountable?
The EU executive, the European Commission, is accountable to the European Parliament which has the power to dismiss it and may be also subject to judicial oversight. Its financial activities are bound by audit rules and political scrutiny by other institutions.
Who is the European Commission accountable to?
Commissioners may be compulsorily retired by the Court of Justice, at the request of the Council or of the Commission itself, if they breach any of the above obligations or have been guilty of serious misconduct (Article 247 TFEU). The Commission is collectively accountable to Parliament under Article 234 TFEU.
Are European Commission decisions binding?
A legal instrument of the European Union (EU) as defined in Article 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). A decision is binding only on those to whom it is addressed without the need for national implementing measures. They can be of general or individual application.
What is an European Commission communication?
The Directorate-General for Communication is the Commission department responsible for explaining EU policies to outside audiences. It keeps the Commission abreast of political developments and of trends in public opinion and the media. It also coordinates communication campaigns within the Commission.
What are decisions EU law?
In European Union law, a decision is a legal instrument which is binding upon those individuals to which it is addressed. They are one of three kinds of legal instruments which may be effected under EU law which can have legally binding effects on individuals. Decisions may be addressed to member states or individuals.
Are EU decisions directly applicable?
Similarly, Article 288 states that EU decisions are also directly applicable, but only on those to whom they are addressed. The Court of Justice of the EU has held that EU treaties are directly applicable.
What is an EU Council decision?
The Council is an essential EU decision-maker. It negotiates and adopts new EU legislation, adapts it when necessary, and coordinates policies. In most cases, the Council decides together with the European Parliament through the ordinary legislative procedure, also known as ‘codecision’.
What is secondary legislation EU?
The EU’s ‘secondary legislation’ is that form of legislation that affects day to day life within the EU and with which most people are familiar. It is the kind of law made under the powers created and invested in the EU by the treaties – the EU’s ‘primary legislation’.
Who are members of the Council of Europe?
The Council of Europe was founded on 5 May 1949 by Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Greece joined three months later, and Iceland, Turkey and West Germany the next year. It now has 47 member states, with Montenegro being the latest to join.
Can the EU Council initiate legislation?
In the consent procedure (formerly assent procedure), the Council can adopt legislation based on a proposal by the European Commission after obtaining the consent of Parliament. Thus Parliament has the legal power to accept or reject any proposal but no legal mechanism exists for proposing amendments.