What tests are done to diagnose hypertension?

What tests are done to diagnose hypertension?

Tests

  • Ambulatory monitoring. This 24-hour blood pressure monitoring test is used to confirm if you have high blood pressure.
  • Lab tests. Your doctor may recommend a urine test (urinalysis) and blood tests, including a cholesterol test.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG).
  • Echocardiogram.

Which of the following tests should be performed upon initial diagnosis of hypertension?

Patients with a new diagnosis of hypertension should be evaluated with a history and physical exam and the following initial studies: serum potassium and creatinine, fasting serum glucose and lipid panel, hematocrit, urinalysis, and electrocardiogram (strength of recommendation [SOR]:

What is blood test for hypertension?

In order to diagnose high blood pressure, your health care provider will check your blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. It’s important to pay attention to both the higher (systolic) and the lower (diastolic) numbers in your blood pressure readings.

How do you confirm a patient has primary hypertension?

How is essential hypertension diagnosed?

  1. Cholesterol test. Also called a lipid profile, this will test your blood for your cholesterol levels.
  2. Echocardiogram. This test uses sound waves to make a picture of your heart.
  3. Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG).
  4. Kidney and other organ function tests.

Do you treat stage 1 hypertension?

If you have stage 1 or stage 2 hypertension, your doctor will likely prescribe medications to lower your blood pressure and recommend healthy lifestyle changes.

Is stage 1 hypertension serious?

If your blood pressure is between 140/90 and 159/99, you have stage 1 hypertension and need treatment. Stage 2 hypertension is 160/100 or higher. And if your blood pressure is higher than 180/110, you need emergency care.

Can stage 1 hypertension cause headaches?

If you do get them, high blood pressure headaches tend to come during a hypertensive crisis. This is defined as blood pressure over 180/120 mm Hg. You might also have a nosebleed or feel generally ill. Take your blood pressure if you suspect you have a hypertensive crisis.

What is the initial treatment for stage 1 hypertension?

Initial first-line therapy for stage 1 hypertension includes thiazide diuretics, CCBs, and ACE inhibitors or ARBs. Two first-line drugs of different classes are recommended with stage 2 hypertension and average BP of 20/10 mm Hg above the BP target.

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