What was the Eastern bloc and satellite nations?
In Western Europe, the term Eastern Bloc generally referred to the USSR and its satellite states in the Comecon (East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania); in Asia, the Soviet Bloc comprised the Mongolian People’s Republic, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the Lao People’s …
Which countries were satellite states of the Soviet Union?
The establishment and control of the Soviet satellite states This empire included Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia and East Germany. Each had a Communist government. In the West they were called satellites because they clung closely to the Soviet Union like satellites round a planet.
What is a satellite state in Eastern Europe?
A satellite state is a country that is formally independent in the world, but under heavy political, economic and military influence or control from another country. As used for Central and Eastern European countries it implies that the countries in question were “satellites” under the hegemony of the Soviet Union.
Why did the Soviet Union have satellite nations?
Stalin’s main motive for the creation of Soviet satellite states in Eastern Europe was the need for security. When the war ended, the Soviet Union was the only Communist country in the world and Stalin believed that Western countries were bent on destroying it.
Why did the USSR take over Eastern Europe?
After the war, Stalin was determined that the USSR would control Eastern Europe. That way, Germany or any other state would not be able to use countries like Hungary or Poland as a staging post to invade. His policy was simple. Each Eastern European state had a Communist government loyal to the USSR.
How did Eastern Europe react to becoming Soviet satellites?
When the countries of Eastern Europe saw themselves as satellite countries, some revolutionary movements emerged, such as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, the German Revolution and the fall of the Berlin Wall, etc.
How did us contain the spread of communism?
In 1947, President Harry S. Truman pledged that the United States would help any nation resist communism in order to prevent its spread. His policy of containment is known as the Truman Doctrine. To help rebuild after the war, the United States pledged $13 billion of aid to Europe in the Marshall Plan.
What were the 7 East European Soviet satellite countries?
Key Facts And Information
- The Soviet satellite states were Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, East Germany, Yugoslavia, and Albania (Yugoslavia and Albania were satellite states until they broke off from the Soviet in 1948 and 1960, respectively).
- From the 1950s, there were disputes in these countries.
How would the Marshall Plan prevent the spread of communism in Europe?
How would the Marshall Plan prevent the spread of communism in Europe? The countries that received financial aid through the Marshall Plan were less likely to join the Communist Bloc. The Marshall Plan required receiving nations to severely reduce trade with the Soviet Union and its satellite states.
What type of aid was given to European countries?
The Marshall Plan, also known as the European Recovery Program, was a U.S. program providing aid to Western Europe following the devastation of World War II. It was enacted in 1948 and provided more than $15 billion to help finance rebuilding efforts on the continent.
What was the Marshall Plan quizlet?
The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was the American initiative to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism. …
How did the Marshall Plan Impact Europe quizlet?
This was a plan of financial aid put together by Secretary of State George Marshall. It aimed to use US money to support other nations in their resistance to Communism and to open new markets for US goods. It supplied $13 billion to 16 European states between 1948 & 1952.
What was the impact of the Marshall Plan on Europe?
European Recovery Program assistance is said to have contributed to more positive morale in Europe and to political and economic stability, which helped diminish the strength of domestic communist parties. The U.S. political and economic role in Europe was enhanced and U.S. trade with Europe boosted.
How did the Marshall Plan Impact Europe?
Historians have generally agreed that the Marshall Plan contributed to reviving the Western European economies by controlling inflation, reviving trade and restoring production. It also helped rebuild infrastructure through the local currency counterpart funds.
What was the impact of the Marshall Plan on Western Europe?
The Marshall Plan had one other great effect on West Europe’s evolution over the past four decades: It encouraged the economic integration that led, first, to the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community among six nations — Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands — in 1950.
What two ways did the Marshall Plan benefit European countries?
It rebuilt and strengthened their economies. It increased trade and communication with Asia. It increased trade in Western Europe.
Why did many Western European countries welcome the Marshall Plan?
Marshall was convinced that economic stability would provide political stability in Europe. He offered aid, but the European countries had to organize the program themselves. It asked Europeans to create their own plan for rebuilding Europe, indicating the United States would then fund this plan.