What was the importance of the Oregon Trail?
Everything from California to Alaska and between the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean was a British-held territory called Oregon. The trail pointed the way for the United States to expand westward to achieve what politicians of the day called its “Manifest Destiny” to reach “from sea to shining sea.”
How did the Oregon Trail affect people?
The Oregon Trail helped to change how the United States grew. It helped to move the population westward from the overpopulated East. If it was not for the Oregon Trail, many of the western states would not be or even look like they do today. The trail also helped spread culture and religious beliefs.
What were the major struggles on the Oregon Trail?
Stream and river crossings, steep descents and ascents, violent storms, and the persistent threat of disease among large groups of travelers were the most common challenges. Disease was the greatest threat on the trail, especially cholera, which struck wagon trains in years of heavy travel.
What was the environment like on the Oregon Trail?
Most of the bad weather would occur along the Rocky Mountains. Here there would be large snow storms, this gave a large threat of frostbite and freezing to death. In other locations along the trail, large downpours would sweep emigrants away like flood streams and make the roads muddy.
What was the biggest cause of death on the Oregon Trail?
Death was rampant on the Oregon Trail. Approximately one out of every tenth person who began the trip did not make it to their destination. These deaths were mostly in part to disease or accidents. Diseases ranged from a fever to dysentery, but the most deadly disease was cholera.
How accurate is the Oregon Trail game?
Accidents, illness, and death did not choose one class over another, and it was just as likely you could die from cholera as a banker than as a farmer. A second section that the game was relatively accurate was the amount of disease and death on the trail.
How do you die on the Oregon Trail game?
The party can die from various causes and diseases, such as measles, snakebite, exhaustion, typhoid, cholera, and dysentery, as well as from drowning or accidental gunshot wounds. The player’s oxen are also subject to injury and death.
What can you learn from the Oregon Trail game?
Students who played the game in the ’90s were some of the first to learn basic computer literacy without being consumed by the internet from an early age. In illustrating systems and data like weather, rations and pace of travel, PBS notes, “Oregon Trail” served as some kids’ first exposure to computer science.
Did wagon trains use horses or oxen?
Horses were used by some emigrants, but mules and oxen were better suited, since they had greater endurance and were less likely to be stolen.
Why did most people on the Oregon trail walk instead of ride in their wagons?
Most pioneers instead tackled the trail in more diminutive wagons that become known as “prairie schooners” for the way their canvas covers resembled a ship’s sail. With this in mind, settlers typically preferred to ride horses or walk alongside their wagons on foot.
What were most wagons pulled by?
of every ten wagons were pulled by oxen. Mules were strong, quick and tolerated the heat better; but oxen on the other hand were good tempered, strong, could eat native grasses and were a lot cheaper.
Why did settlers circle the wagons at night?
At night, wagon trains were often formed into a circle or square for shelter from wind or weather, and to corral the emigrants’ animals in the center to prevent them from running away or being stolen by Native Americans.
What animals pulled the covered wagons?
Oxen were the most common draft animal for pulling covered wagons, although mules and horses were also used.
Why did most pioneers choose to ride in the wagons?
They wanted to get some exercise as they traveled to their different destinations.
What were the people called on the Oregon Trail?
Did Pioneers ride in their wagons?
Sometimes they show the pioneers using Conestoga wagons pulled by horses, with the pioneers riding. Actually, Conestoga wagons were too big and heavy for the Oregon Trail. Plus, the Prairie Schooner wagons often had no seat and the pioneers generally walked along the Trail. The ride was too bumpy!