What were the four social classes in early Muslim society?
The Muslim society in the period under review was divided into four different classes; the nobility, the Ulema and other religious groups, slaves and lastly, the Muslim masses.
Which group established the first Muslim dynasty?
The Umayyads were the first Muslim dynasty, established in 661 in Damascus. Their dynasty succeeded the leadership of the first four caliphs—Abū Bakr, ʿUmar I, ʿUthmān, and ʿAlī.
What is the correct order of the Islamic dynasties?
The correct order of dynasties ruling the Islamic Empire from 661 A.D. to the 13th century is Umayyid, Abbasid, Seljuk.
What are the duties of a caliph?
To defend the lands of Islam and to protect them from intrusion so that people may earn their livelihood and travel at will without danger to life or property.
What is the meaning of Al Andalus?
Al-Andalus (Arabic: الأَنْدَلُس) was the Muslim-ruled area of the Iberian Peninsula. The term is used by modern historians for the former Islamic states based in modern Spain and Portugal. Rule under the taifa kingdoms led to a rise in cultural exchange and cooperation between Muslims and Christians.
What caused the fall of Al-Andalus?
Persecution of Jews and Christians made the cause of the Northern Crusader states that more fervent, while the strains of a two-continent empire was too much for the Almoravids. As a result, a civil war broke out which caused the dynasty to pull its armies back to Morocco.
Why is it called Reconquista?
The Reconquista (Castilian, Galician and Portuguese for “reconquest”) was a period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711, the expansion of the Christian kingdoms throughout Hispania, and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada in 1492.
What was the main purpose of the Reconquista?
What was the Reconquista? The Reconquista was a centuries-long series of battles by Christian states to expel the Muslims (Moors), who from the 8th century ruled most of the Iberian Peninsula. Visigoths had ruled Spain for two centuries before they were overrun by the Umayyad empire.