What were the three main motives for European exploration?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
How did European exploration Impact Africa?
The growing slave trade with Europeans had a profound impact on the people of West Africa, giving prominence to local chieftains and merchants who traded slaves for European textiles, alcohol, guns, tobacco, and food. Africans also charged Europeans for the right to trade in slaves and imposed taxes on slave purchases.
How did European exploration affect culture?
Explorers and conquistadors brought many new plants to the Americas . They brought European crops such as barley and rye. They brought plants that had originally come from Asia, including sugar, bananas, yams, citrus fruit, coffee, rice, and sugarcane. New plants created new economies in the Americas .
Who began the European exploration of Africa?
Henry the Navigator
Who were the most famous European explorers of Africa?
Great Explorers: Africa
- Richard Francis Burton. One of Britain’s most iconic and individualistic explorers, Richard Francis Burton was a true polymath.
- John Hanning Speke.
- David Livingstone.
- Henry Morton Stanley.
- Heinrich Barth.
- Frederick Russell Burnham.
- Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza.
- Mungo Park.
What did Europe find in Africa?
During this time, many European countries expanded their empires by aggressively establishing colonies in Africa so that they could exploit and export Africa’s resources. Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes.
What was the European conquest of Latin America?
The Spanish conquest of Latin America brought many important changes to Latin American society. Spain sent royal governors or viceroys to rule the colonies in the king’s name. Gold and silver from the Americas were shipped to Spain, making it the strongest power in Europe in the 16th century.
What two European nations colonized most of Africa?
Scramble For Africa
|According to the map, what two European countries held the most control of Africa?||British and French|
|What percentage of Africa was colonized by 1913?||97 percent|
|What was a major motivating factor for the European powers in their Scramble for Africa?||prestige, economic advantage,and power|
What European countries were the primary colonizers of Latin America?
Latin America came to fruition in the 1500’s after European “discovery” of the New World. Countries such as Spain, France and Portugal colonized the region. Although most of Latin America was colonized by Spain, the countries of Portugal and France also had major influences on the region.
Which European countries were the most successful at establishing Latin American colonies?
-, Spanish and Portuguese officials born in Europe, were the highest social class and maintained power in colonial Latin America because they were born in parent countries that founded their colonies.