What were youth originally called who violated the law because of their minority status?
|Term Participating in illegal behavior by a minor who falls under a statutory age limit is called||Definition Juvenile Delinquency|
|Term “________” minors is the original early designation of youths who violate the law because of their minority status.||Definition Wayward|
What philosophical viewpoint encourages the state to take control of wayward children and care custody and treatment to remedy delinquent behavior?
Juvenile Delinquency ch 1 & 2
|best interest of the child||a philosophical view point that encourages the state to take control of a wayward child and provide care, custody, and treatment to remedy delinquent behavior|
What refers to the tendency for youths to reduce the frequency of their offending behavior as they age?
The tendency for youths to reduce the frequency of their offending behavior as they age; aging-out is thougt to occur among all groups of offenders.
What is age crime curve?
The age crime curve refers to the assumption that crimes are most prevalent during mid to late adolescence. That is, the incidence of crime increases with age until individuals reach about 16 to 20.
What age does crime drop?
However, most street crimes have peak age involvement well before age 25, and many peak before age 20, and begin sharply declining well before age 25. There is also the intriguing and plausible idea that the link between age and criminal involvement is explained by physical development and aging.
Who came up with age crime curve?
Why do adults commit crime?
Reasons for committing a crime include greed, anger, jealously, revenge, or pride. Some people decide to commit a crime and carefully plan everything in advance to increase gain and decrease risk. Others commit crimes on impulse, out of rage or fear.
What is the key difference between instrumental and structural theorists?
What is the key difference between instrumental theorists and structural theorists? Structural theorist focus on anyone who threatens the capitalist system. 3) Critical criminologists are too quick to blame capitalism for every human vice.
What was the overall violent crime rate in the United States as of 2009?
191.2 per 100,000 inhabitants
What has happened to crime rates in the United States since the beginning of the 1990s quizlet?
Violent crime increased in the early 1990s but has since steadily decreased. Property crime has declined since the 1990s. Violent crime – murder and assault; make up a small percentage of all crimes but still happen every 22 seconds.
What is the difference between violent and property crimes?
In descending order of severity, the violent crimes are murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, followed by the property crimes of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Although arson is also a property crime, the Hierarchy Rule does not apply to the offense of arson.
Which of the following is an example of organized crime?
Crimes such as drug trafficking, migrant smuggling, human trafficking, money laundering, firearms trafficking, illegal gambling, extortion, counterfeit goods, wildlife and cultural property smuggling, and cyber crime are keystones within TOC enterprises.
What criteria are used to determine if an act is criminal?
In general, every crime involves three elements: first, the act or conduct (“actus reus”); second, the individual’s mental state at the time of the act (“mens rea”); and third, the causation between the act and the effect (typically either “proximate causation” or “but-for causation”).
What is not an essential element of a crime?
It has been frequently stated, in varying language, by both writers and judges, that motive is never an essential element of crime.
What are the five basic principles of criminal law?
Five objectives are widely accepted for enforcement of the criminal law by punishments: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restoration. Jurisdictions differ on the value to be placed on each.
What are the five elements of a crime?
The elements of a crime are criminal act, criminal intent, concurrence, causation, harm, and attendant circumstances.