Where did Themistocles defeat Xerxes?
Straits of Salamis
How did Themistocles trick Xerxes?
Themistocles deceived the Persians by offering them what they wanted to hear. But he could not have pulled off the scheme without first learning the Persian way of war – and that required gathering and analyzing human intelligence.
Who defeated the Persian king Xerxes?
The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them.
Why was Themistocles so important during the Persian Wars?
Themistocles (c. 524 – c. 460 BCE) was an Athenian statesman and general (strategos) whose emphasis on naval power and military skills were instrumental during the Persian wars, victory in which ensured that Greece survived its greatest ever threat.
Did Themistocles kill Darius?
No. The true story behind 300: Rise of an Empire reveals that Themistocles did not kill Xerxes’s father, King Darius I of Persia (Darius the Great), with an arrow at the Battle of Marathon. King Darius died approximately four years later in 486 BC of failing health.
Why was Themistocles not a noble man?
As a politician, Themistocles was a populist, having the support of lower-class Athenians, and generally being at odds with the Athenian nobility. However, he aroused the hostility of Sparta by ordering the re-fortification of Athens, and his perceived arrogance began to alienate him from the Athenians.
What made Themistocles a good leader?
Themistocles was the son of a middle-class Athenian father and a non-Athenian mother. Ability alone made him influential. He advocated resistance to Persia when some wanted appeasement, and he urged the development of Athens’s navy when most trusted in its army.
Why was Aristides called the just?
The Ostracism of Aristides This Aristides had the nickname “The Just” because he was reputed to be so fair-minded. On the balloting day for an ostracism, an illiterate man from the countryside handed Aristides a potsherd, asking him to scratch on it the name of the man’s choice for ostracism.
Why was Themistocles a good leader?
Themistocles was an Athenian general during the Greco-Persian war who emphasized the use of the naval power and proved to be a solid example of good leadership. Because this pass was only two hundred yards across, this led it to be a natural choke point; the Greeks were able to defend the Persians well.
Who killed mardonius?
Instead, he was left as commander of the 300,000 Persian troops in occupied Greece. While he oversaw the destruction of Athens, he was killed by Aeimnestus at the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC.
How did Pericles die?
Why did Themistocles get ostracized?
Themistocles became the prime target of Spartan vitriol after he had Athens’ walls rebuilt, but factions within Athens also viewed him as a threat and ostracized him. Seeing no other options, Themistocles finally fled to the protection of his old enemies in Persia.
How did Themistocles gain power?
His greatest legacy came through the military. In response to the threat of Persian invasion, Themistocles orchestrated the building of the first truly massive navy in Athenian history. The Persians were defeated and Athens survived to become a dominant power.
What accusation was brought against Themistocles later in life?
The one who actually brought in the indictment against him for treason was Leobotes the son of Alcmeon, of the deme Agraulé, but the Spartans supported him in the accusation.
What were Athenian warships of Themistocles time called?
The main fighting ships of the fleet were known as ships of the line; these were two-deckers or three-deckers with heavy broadside armament as well as heavy timbers in their walls to keep out enemy shot.
Who won at Salamis?
Why did Persia lose the battle of Salamis?
Regrouping, the Greeks were able to lure the Persian fleet into the narrow waters around Salamis which negated their numerical advantage. In the resulting battle, the Greeks badly defeated the enemy and forced them to flee. Unable to supply their army by sea, the Persians were forced to retreat north.
Why did Persia invade Greece?
The invasion, consisting of two distinct campaigns, was ordered by the Persian king Darius the Great primarily in order to punish the city-states of Athens and Eretria. Darius also saw the opportunity to extend his empire into Europe, and to secure its western frontier.
Who won the war between Greece and Persia?
The Greeks won a decisive victory, losing only 192 men to the Persians’ 6,400 (according to the historian Herodotus).