Where is the epicenter of an earthquake quizlet?

Where is the epicenter of an earthquake quizlet?

An earthquake’s focus is located along a fault beneath Earth’s surface. The focus is the point within Earth where an earthquake starts. The epicenter is the location on the surface directly above the focus.

What can happen during earthquakes in areas where the ground contains fluid saturated sand?

What can happen during earthquakes in areas where the ground contains fluid-saturated sand? The sand/soil will liquefy which causes landslides & houses to fall & pipes coming to the surface. A failure of support that causes landslides.

Which earthquake belt has the greatest level of activity?

But history shows they occur in the same general patterns over time, principally in three large zones of the earth. The world’s greatest earthquake zone, the circum-Pacific seismic belt, is found along the rim of the Pacific Ocean, where about 81 percent of the world’s largest earthquakes occur.

Where does the ground shake the hardest during an earthquake?

epicenter

What is the safest place to be during an earthquake?

COVER your head and neck (and your entire body if possible) underneath a sturdy table or desk. If there is no shelter nearby, get down near an interior wall or next to low-lying furniture that won’t fall on you, and cover your head and neck with your arms and hands.

Which country has the most earthquakes?

Japan has the most recorded earthquakes in the world as it sits on a highly active seismic area, but research by the US Geological Survey suggests the answer is not quite as straightforward as it may seem.

What is the biggest earthquake recorded?

Science Center Objects

Mag Alternative Name
1. 9.5 Valdivia Earthquake
2. 9.2 1964 Great Alaska Earthquake, Prince William Sound Earthquake, Good Friday Earthquake
3. 9.1 Sumatra-Andaman Islands Earthquake, 2004 Sumatra Earthquake and Tsunami, Indian Ocean Earthquake
4. 9.1 Tohoku Earthquake

Is a 12.0 earthquake possible?

No, earthquakes of magnitude 10 or larger cannot happen. The magnitude of an earthquake is related to the length of the fault on which it occurs. The largest earthquake ever recorded was a magnitude 9.5 on May 22, 1960 in Chile on a fault that is almost 1,000 miles long…a “megaquake” in its own right.

Which earthquake killed the most?

The most deadly earthquake in history was in Shaanxi, China in 1556. It’s estimated to have killed 830,000 people. This is more than twice that of the second most fatal: the recent Port-au-Prince earthquake in Haiti in 2010. It’s reported that 316,000 people died as a result.

How far inland can a mega tsunami travel?

Waves of this type are called Mega Tsunami. They are so great that they can reach several hundred meters in height, travel at the speed of a jet aircraft and get up to 12 miles (20 Kilometers) inland.

Which ocean is more prone to tsunamis?

Pacific Ocean

How far inland would a 200 foot tsunami travel?

20 miles inland

Which is the most dangerous location for a tsunami hazard?

Beaches, lagoons, bays, estuaries, tidal flats and river mouths are the most dangerous places to be. It is rare for a tsunami to penetrate more than a mile inland. Tsunami waves are unlike normal coastal waves.

Can fish survive a tsunami?

RE: Can fish survive a tsunami? Yes, they can, the operative word being “can” which implies “sometimes”.

Do Tsunamis kill sea life?

Answer: It depends! Some marine animals probably won’t even notice that anything out of the ordinary happened. Others will be killed quickly and painlessly by the force of the tsunami. When the wave crashes back onto shore, the force can be devastating for marine life as well as the habitats that sustain them.

Can you swim in a tsunami?

“A person will be just swept up in it and carried along as debris; there’s no swimming out of a tsunami,” Garrison-Laney says. “There’s so much debris in the water that you’ll probably get crushed.” Eventually, the wave will pull back, dragging cars, trees, and buildings with it.

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