Which condition would most likely require a diagnostic bone density test quizlet?
To diagnose osteoporosis and assess your risk of fracture and determine your need for treatment, your doctor will most likely order a bone density scan. This exam is used to measure bone mineral density (BMD). It is most commonly performed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA) or bone densitometry.
Which function is true of the skeletal system select all that apply?
The major functions of the skeletal system are body support, facilitation of movement, protection of internal organs, storage of minerals and fat, and blood cell formation.
Which of the following individuals is most likely to be suffering from osteoporosis quizlet?
Whites and individuals of Asian descent are at highest risk for osteoporosis. Osteoporosis due to estrogen deficiency (postmenopausal osteoporosis) occurs in women between the ages of 50 and 70; osteoporosis due to aging is most common in those over age 70.
Which one of the following is used to combat osteoporosis?
Bisphosphonates are usually the first choice for osteoporosis treatment. These include: Alendronate (Fosamax), a weekly pill.
Which of the following is a Nonmodifiable risk factor for osteoporosis?
There are nonmodifiable and preventable (modifiable) risk factors for osteoporosis. Nonmodifiable risk factors include age, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and menopause which are not preventable.
What are 3 modifiable risk factors for osteoporosis?
The risk factors for osteoporosis that can be changed are smoking, alcohol intake, physical inactivity, and poor nutrition. Dietary inadequacy, certain medications, and diseases increase the risk for developing osteoporosis.
What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?
Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:
- Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis.
- Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
- Poor nutrition and poor general health.
Which of the following is a Nonmodifiable risk factor for osteoporosis quizlet?
A nonmodifiable risk factor for osteoporosis is a person’s level of activity. Secondary osteoporosis occurs in women after menopause. Slow discontinuation of corticosteroid therapy can halt the progression of the osteoporosis.
Which of the following is a good treatment option for osteoporosis quizlet?
Current FDA-approved pharmacologic options for osteoporosis are bisphosphonates (alendronate, ibandronate, risedronate and zoledronic acid), calcitonin, estrogen agonist/antagonist (raloxifene), estrogens and/or hormone therapy, parathyroid hormone 1-34 (teriparatide)and RANKL inhibitor (denosumab).
What deficiency causes osteoporosis?
A lifelong lack of calcium plays a role in the development of osteoporosis. Low calcium intake contributes to diminished bone density, early bone loss and an increased risk of fractures.
What factors increase risk for osteoporosis?
Factors that increase the risk for osteoporosis in both men and women include:
- Having a family history of osteoporosis.
- Lifestyle factors.
- Having certain medical conditions.
- Taking certain medicines.
- Having certain surgeries, such as having your ovaries removed before menopause.
What should you not do if you have osteoporosis?
With low bone density or osteoporosis, you should avoid:
- Rounding poses or rounded spine movements.
- Spine twist or any deep twists.
- Corkscrew or bicycle.
- Deep hip stretches (like the pigeon pose)
- Warrior pose.
- Overpressure from teachers.
What should I eat to make my bones stronger?
Good sources of calcium include:
- milk, cheese and other dairy foods.
- green leafy vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage and okra, but not spinach.
- soya beans.
- plant-based drinks (such as soya drink) with added calcium.
- bread and anything made with fortified flour.