Which countries are most affected by typhoid fever?

Which countries are most affected by typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is endemic in Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, and Oceania, but 80% of cases come from Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan, or Vietnam. Within those countries, typhoid fever is most common in underdeveloped areas.

Where does typhoid fever originate from?

Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi bacteria. Typhoid fever is contracted by the ingestion of contaminated food or water. Diagnosis of typhoid fever is made when Salmonella bacteria are detected with stool, urine, or blood cultures.

Is Typhoid common in USA?

In the United States, typhoid fever is now a rare disease, with approximately 300 clinical cases reported per year.

Where in Africa is typhoid fever found?

The largest number of articles reporting typhoid fever occurrence originated in Nigeria (n = 158), followed by Egypt (n = 95), South Africa (n = 72), and Ghana (n = 67).

Which organ is affected by typhoid?

The gastrointestinal tract is more severely affected including liver, spleen, and muscles. Through bloodstream, bacteria can also reach gallbladder, lungs, and kidneys.

Can typhoid be cured completely?

Yes, typhoid is dangerous, but curable. Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics that kill the Salmonella bacteria. Prior to the use of antibiotics, the fatality rate was 20%. Death occurred from overwhelming infection, pneumonia, intestinal bleeding, or intestinal perforation.

Is Typhoid a STD?

The CDC labeled typhoid a sexually transmitted disease for the first time at a conference in Atlanta, and it urged infected patients to stop sexual contact until clear of the disease. Typhoid is marked by high fever, weakness, headache and, in some cases, flat, red spots on the skin.

Which food is best in typhoid fever?

10 Foods You Should Eat in Typhoid

  • Have plenty of Fluids and Fruits with high Water content.
  • Consume Dairy products.
  • Have Soup!
  • Have Cooked Vegetables.
  • Eat simple boiled yellow Moong Daal.
  • Eat Bananas.
  • Have Honey.
  • Take foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids.

What should we not eat in typhoid?

Foods to avoid Foods that are high in fiber should be limited on the typhoid diet to help ease digestion. This includes raw fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and legumes. Spicy foods and foods that are high in fat may also be difficult to digest and should be limited on the typhoid diet.

Can I eat boiled egg in typhoid?

Food Dense In Carbohydrates It is vital to have high carbohydrate foods that are light, soft and bland and easy to digest for patients down with typhoid fever. Include cereal porridge, boiled rice, poached eggs, and steamed foods like idly, idiyappam and apple sauces to boosts up your strength.

Which fruit is good for typhoid?

Fluids and fruits help in restoring the water content in the body that gets depleted during typhoid fever and cause dehydration. Thus, consume adequate fluids in the form of fresh fruit juices, coconut water, lime juice etc. and add water content-rich fruits such as watermelons, grapes, and apricots to the diet.

Which is the best antibiotic for typhoid?

Antibiotic therapy is the only effective treatment for typhoid fever….Commonly prescribed antibiotics include:

  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro).
  • Azithromycin (Zithromax).
  • Ceftriaxone.

Can we drink turmeric milk in typhoid?

Contrary to conventional wisdom about the rhizome, the main molecular component in turmeric, curcumin, actually boosts up certain pathogens such as the typhoid bacteria to fight off the body’s defence mechanism, says a research paper published in the latest edition of PLoS ONE, a scientific journal published by the …

Is it OK to eat rice in typhoid?

When suffering from Typhoid, it is recommended to eat a high-calorie diet and consume foods such as boiled potatoes, bananas, boiled rice, pasta, and white bread. Such foods give some strength and energy to typhoid patients.

Is papaya leaves juice good for typhoid?

Thus, they are effective in suppressing the cause of typhoid fever. 6. Another amazing benefit of papaya leaf juice is its ability to fight viral infection such as the common cold virus.

Can we kiss during typhoid?

Hugs and kisses don’t spread typhoid, and people shouldn’t avoid church because they’re worried about catching the disease.

Can typhoid spread through cough?

Typhoid fever can be spread by consuming food or water contaminated with the stool or urine of an infected person. People have flu-like symptoms, sometimes followed by delirium, cough, exhaustion, occasionally rash, and diarrhea.

Can typhoid happen twice?

Some people are asymptomatic carriers of typhoid, meaning that they harbor the bacteria but suffer no ill effects. Others continue to harbor the bacteria after their symptoms have gone. Sometimes, the disease can appear again.

How is typhoid resistant treated?

Appropriate antibiotics, which first became available in the 1940s, are the only effective way to treat typhoid. The disease is caused by a quickly-evolving bacterium that has developed defenses against these drugs. The proportion of typhoid cases that are resistant to one or more antibiotics is increasing globally.

Does typhoid affect lungs?

The typhoid bacillus not infrequently invades the lung during typhoid fever. It may invade areas of the lung already the rhagic infarction and there produce abscess gangrene. The 0rganism may cause bronchopneumonia. Lobar pneumonia as a complication of typhoid fever is usually due to the pneumococcus.

Does typhoid affect liver?

Typhoid fever is a systemic infection which is caused by Samonella enterica serotype typhi. It is a multi-system disorder involving many organs including liver. Liver involvement could be in the form of jaundice, rise in liver enzymes or hepatomegaly.

What is the reason for typhoid?

Typhoid fever is caused by a type of bacteria called Salmonella typhi. This isn’t the same bacteria that cause salmonella food poisoning, but the two are related.

Does typhoid affect kidney?

Acute renal failure in patients with typhoid fever has been described in several case reports; dehydration, shock and rhabdomyolysis are the most likely causes. Other rare causes of renal failure include glomerulonephritis, acute tubular necrosis and interstitial nephritis.

Can typhoid cause hepatitis?

Typhoid fever is often associated with hepatomegaly and mildly deranged liver functions; a clinical picture of acute hepatitis is a rare complication. We report a young patient who presented with fever and jaundice and was found to have acute hepatitis secondary to typhoid fever.

Can typhoid cause hepatitis B?

The clinical features and laboratory investigations confirmed typhoid fever. The associated severe hepatitis could have been related to a direct liver involvement by Salmonella typhi, drug toxicity or hepatitis B infection from previous indiscriminate parenteral drugs.

What is the difference between typhoid and hepatitis?

Both Hep A and Typhoid are caused by infectious pathogens. The Hepatitis A is caused by a virus, while Typhoid is rather caused by a bacterium. While both of these infections can be transmitted to a person through contaminated water and food, they do tend to cause different types of symptoms, as well as complications.

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