Which is true about short forms of the Stanford Binet and Wechsler Scales?

Which is true about short forms of the Stanford Binet and Wechsler Scales?

Question :Which is TRUE about short forms of the Stanford-Binet and Wechsler Scales? Student Answer: They should never be used. They are almost as accurate as the standard forms. They are less reliable than the standard forms.

What describes a psychological tests ability to yield the same results under a variety of circumstances?

Reliability. test consistency; the ability to yield the same result under a variety of different circumstances.

Which of the following is not one of the recommended sampling techniques used to obtain a standardization sample?

Which of the following is not one of the recommended sampling techniques used to obtain a standardization sample? Volunteer sampling.

Which of these is likely to be a hard sign of neurological damage quizlet?

Which of these is likely to be a hard sign of neurological damage? Abnormal reflex responses. Neuropsychologists: Perform many of the noninvasive procedures that a neurologist might perform as part of a physical examination.

How do neurotransmitters influence behavior quizlet?

Neurotransmitters travel designated pathways in the brain and may influence specific behaviors and emotions. Acetylcholine affects muscle action, learning, and memory. En- dorphins are natural opiates released in response to pain and exercise. Drugs and other chemicals affect brain chemistry at synapses.

Can you control your autonomic nervous system?

While involuntary physiological processes are usually outside the realm of conscious control, evidence suggests that these processes, through regulation of the autonomic nervous system, can be voluntarily controlled.

Is swallowing part of the autonomic nervous system?

Swallowing is a complex mechanism using both skeletal muscle (tongue) and smooth muscles of the pharynx and esophagus. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) coordinates this process in the pharyngeal and esophageal phases.

What nerves are involved in swallowing?

The cranial nerves associated with the swallowing process are the trigeminal (V), facial (VII), glossopharyngeal (IX), vagus (X), accessory (XI) – usually not considered – and hypoglossal (XII).

Is swallowing an involuntary action?

The act of swallowing has voluntary and involuntary components. The preparatory/oral phase is voluntary, whereas the pharyngeal and esophageal phases are mediated by an involuntary reflex called the swallowing reflex.

Does the brain control swallowing?

Brainstem. The brainstem is the lower extension of the brain, located in front of the cerebellum and connected to the spinal cord. It consists of three structures: the midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata. The medulla oblongata controls breathing, blood pressure, heart rhythms and swallowing.

What are the stages of dysphagia?

What is dysphagia?

  • Oral preparatory phase. During this phase, you chew your food to a size, shape, and consistency that can be swallowed.
  • Pharyngeal phase. Here, the muscles of your pharynx contract in sequence.
  • Esophageal phase. The muscles in your esophagus contract in sequence to move the bolus toward your stomach.

What is the most common complication of dysphagia?

The main complication of dysphagia is coughing and choking, which can lead to pneumonia.

What are 4 complications of dysphagia?

Complications of Dysphagia

  • Dehydration.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Weight loss.
  • Respiratory problems, such as aspiration pneumonia or respiratory infections.
  • Fatigue.
  • Cognitive confusion.
  • Loss of dignity.
  • Feelings of isolation, anxiety and depression.

What happens if dysphagia is left untreated?

If left untreated dysphagia can lead to aspiration, the entry of foreign material (such as food, liquid, or secretions) into the airway. Aspiration increases the risk of developing pneumonia. Dysphagia can cause malnutrition, dehydration, decreased quality of life, weight loss, and even death.

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