Which of the following is an example of an organizational stressor?

Which of the following is an example of an organizational stressor?

Organizational stressors such as work overload, role conflict, under-promotion and level of participation interact with individual factors such as personality and family problems to create mental and physical ill health in employees [1].

Which of the following are common effects of fatigue in police officers?

Fatigued police officers are more likely to experience diminished performance and increased incidents of injuries, use of physical force to effect arrests, or citizens’ complaints. Fatigue not only impairs performance, but impacts productivity, mood, and judgment all of which can negatively impact the community.

Which of the following is a common cause of stress for the police officer?

Poor pay, limited promotional opportunities, and lack of rewards for good performance are also organizational issues which cause stress problems for officers. Court appearances interfere with police officers’ work assignments, personal time and even sleep schedules.

Which of the following is the most common form of police corruption?

The most common type of police corruption is the acceptance of bribes from those who deal in the vices of gambling, prostitution, illegal drinking, and the illegal use of drugs.

What is the main reason for police brutality?

These efforts have identified various core issues that contribute to police brutality, including the insular culture of police departments (including the blue wall of silence), the aggressive defense of police officers and resistance to change in police unions, the broad legal protections granted to police officers ( …

What are the forms of police corruption?

Their list of different types of corruption comprised the following: corruption of authority, kickbacks, opportunistic theft, shakedowns, protection of illegal activities, fixes, direct criminal activities, and internal payoffs.

What are the three basic types of police corruption?

Eight types of police corruption are delineated: (l) Corruption of Authority, (2) Kickbacks, (3) Op- portunistic Theft, (4) Shakedowns, (5) Protection of Illegal Activities, (6) The Fix, (7) Direct Criminal Activities, and (8) Internal Payoffs.

What is corruption authority?

The violation of state and federal laws or the violation of individuals’ constitutional rights by police officers; also when police commit crimes for personal gain. Corruption may involve profit or another type of material benefit gained illegally as a consequence of the officer’s authority.

How does police corruption affect the criminal justice system?

a corrupt act during one step of the criminal justice chain can severely harm the whole process or even nullify its essence and erode public trust in law and order; disrespect for the equal application of the law undermines the legitimacy of public institutions and contributes to impunity.

How can we stop corruption in the criminal justice system?

Examples are provided of how situational prevention principles can be used to eliminate or minimize corruption opportunities. These include the electronic recording of interviews with suspects, video surveillance of police actions, limits on pre-charge detention and entry/exit controls for prison custodial staff.

What are the four types of corruption?

Forms of corruption vary, but can include bribery, lobbying, extortion, cronyism, nepotism, parochialism, patronage, influence peddling, graft, and embezzlement.

How corruption affects the development of a country?

Corruption thus inhibits economic growth and affects business operations, employment and investments. The wider society is influenced by a high degree of corruption in terms of lowering of trust in the law and the rule of law, education and consequently the quality of life (access to infrastructure, health care).

What’s the relationship between corruption in a country and economic growth?

It finds that corruption discourages investment, limits economic growth, and alters the composition of government spending, often to the detriment of future economic growth.

How corruption is a threat to development?

Corruption is a threat to development, democracy and stability. It distorts markets, curbs economic growth and discourages foreign investment. It erodes public services and trust in officials. The United Nations Convention against Corruption has helped the public sector to make progress in deterring these crimes.

How does corruption affect good governance?

Corruption works against transparency, accountability and rule of law. It also diminishes the credibility of state institutions and authority and undermines good governance (Transparency International, 2009).

How does corruption affect poverty?

Corruption increases income inequality and poverty through lower economic growth; biased tax systems favoring the rich and well-connected; poor targeting of social programs; use of wealth by the well-to-do to lobby government for favorable policies that perpetuate inequality in asset ownership; lower social spending; …

How does income inequality affect poverty?

Had income growth been equally distributed, which in this analysis means that all families’ incomes would have grown at the pace of the average, the poverty rate would have been 5.5 points lower, essentially, 44 percent lower than what it was. …

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