Which of the following is considered a recreational drug?

Which of the following is considered a recreational drug?

Recreational drugs include alcohol, commonly found in beer, wine, and distilled spirits; cannabis and hashish (with legality of possession varying inter/intra-nationally); nicotine, commonly found in tobacco; caffeine, commonly found in coffee, tea, and soft drinks; prescription drugs; and the controlled substances …

Which of the following corresponds to a standard drink of alcohol?

In the United States, one “standard” drink (or one alcoholic drink equivalent) contains roughly 14 grams of pure alcohol, which is found in: 12 ounces of regular beer, which is usually about 5% alcohol. 5 ounces of wine, which is typically about 12% alcohol. 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits, which is about 40% alcohol.

Which of the following is considered an over the counter drug?

Popular examples include pain relievers like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), cough suppressants such as dextromethorphan (Robitussin) and antihistamines like loratadine (Claritin 24H). These drugs are usually located on shelves in pharmacies, grocery stores, and even in gas stations.

What does OTC mean?

Over-the-counter

How many OTC drugs are there?

Because there are over 300,000 marketed OTC drug products, FDA reviews the active ingredients and the labeling of over 80 therapeutic classes of drugs, for example analgesics or antacids, instead of individual drug products.

Can you still buy Paregoric over-the-counter?

Paregoric is currently listed in the United States Pharmacopeia. Manufacture of the drug was discontinued for several months beginning in late 2011; however, production and distribution resumed in 2012, so the drug is still available in the United States by prescription.

What is an OTC monograph?

An OTC monograph is a “rule book” for each therapeutic category establishing conditions, such as active ingredients, uses (indications), doses, labeling, and testing, under which an OTC drug is generally recognized as safe and effective (GRASE) and can be marketed without a New Drug Application and FDA pre-market …

Who regulates OTC drug labeling?

Like prescription drugs, OTC medicines are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Which drug may be derived from an animal source?

Specific medications commonly used today that are derived from animal venoms, toxins, or secretions include captopril, eptifibatide (Integrilin), lepirudin, and exenatide (Byetta).

Are animals a good source for drugs?

Although the pharmacological potential of animals used as medicines has been little explored, compared to plants, available studies show that animal natural resources are highly promising in the search for new drugs of medical or pharmaceutical interest.

Can Painkillers be derived from animals?

But like plants, which have been part of our medicine cabinets ever since the Neanderthals used poplar tree bark as a painkiller, animals have long been exploited for their medicinal properties.

How did animals develop venom?

The primary mechanism for the diversification of venom is thought to be the duplication of gene coding for other tissues, followed by their expression in the venom glands. The proteins then evolved into various venom proteins through natural selection.

What medicines come from plants?

  • Caffeine. Used to treat fatigue and migraines, find caffeine in coffee beans, tea leaves, cacao pods, kola nuts and garana.
  • Aspirin. Used for pain relief and anti-clotting, Salix is found in willow bark.
  • Cocaine. Used for anaesthesia and as a recreational drug.
  • Digitalis.
  • Morphine, codeine, opium.

What animals are tested on for medicine?

Millions of animals, including rats, mice, rabbits, dogs and monkeys, are routinely used every year in laboratories around the world to test the safety and efficacy of drugs for humans. All conventional drugs are tested on animals at some point as this is required by regulators and in many countries by legislation.

What animal gets tested on the most?

guinea pigs

How many animals die from medical testing?

Each year, more than 100 million animals—including mice, rats, frogs, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, monkeys, fish, and birds—are killed in U.S. laboratories for biology lessons, medical training, curiosity-driven experimentation, and chemical, drug, food, and cosmetics testing.

How many animals die a year because of animal testing?

Each year, more than 110 million animals—including mice, frogs, dogs, rabbits, monkeys, fish, and birds—are killed in U.S. laboratories.

Do animal tests work?

Because animal tests are so unreliable, they make those human trials all the more risky. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has noted that 95 percent of all drugs that are shown to be safe and effective in animal tests fail in human trials because they don’t work or are dangerous.

What might happen if animal research is stopped?

There’s no guarantee that drugs are safe just because they’ve been tested on animals. Because of the physiological differences between humans and other animals, results from animal tests cannot be accurately extrapolated to humans, leaving us vulnerable to exposure to drugs that can cause serious side effects.

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