Which of the following refers to an individual who believes a psychologist should only study observable behavior?
founded the idea of behaviorism, which believed that psychology should only study observable behavior. brought psychology to the United States and served as the first president of the APA. came up with the idea of structuralism, which is to analyze consciousness into basic elements and investigate how they are related.
Which of the following psychologists was a behaviorist?
John B. Watson
What is a behaviorist least likely to study?
Of the following, which is a behaviorist LEAST likely to study? Mental states.
What procedure does an investigator use to produce classical conditioning?
What procedure does an investigator use to produce classical conditioning? Pair the CS with the UCS. How can one extinguish a classically conditioned response? Repeatedly present the conditioned stimulus by itself.
What is the procedure for producing extinction in classical conditioning quizlet?
In classical conditioning, extinction occurs when the conditioned stimulus is presented several times after the unconditioned stimulus has been withdrawn. the name given to the conditioned stimulus before it becomes conditioned. It is referred to as a neutral stimulus while it fails to produce a response.
How can one extinguish a classically conditioned response?
A classically conditioned response can be eliminated or extinguished by eliminating the predictive relationship between the signal and the reflex. This is accomplished by presenting the signal (CS) while preventing the reflex.
What is an example of classical conditioning in psychology?
The influence of classical conditioning can be seen in responses such as phobias, disgust, nausea, anger, and sexual arousal. A familiar example is conditioned nausea, in which the sight or smell of a particular food causes nausea because it caused stomach upset in the past.
Which of the following are examples of primary reinforcers quizlet?
– is a primary reinforcer that increases the likelihood that an organism will repeat a particular behavior because it fulfills a biological need. Primary reinforcers are naturally reinforcing and do not require learning. Examples of primary reinforcers include food, water, air, shelter, and sleep.
What type of conditioning strengthens behavior?
Reinforcement in Operant Conditioning Reinforcement is any event that strengthens or increases the behavior it follows.
When a NS becomes a CS is called?
Term. The first step of classical conditioning, when an NS becomes a CS, is called… Definition. acquisition.
Are NS and CS the same?
The NS is transformed into a Conditioned Stimulus (CS); that is, when the CS is presented by itself, it elicits or causes the CR (which is the same involuntary response as the UR; the name changes because it is elicited by a different stimulus.
What does US ur CS CR mean?
What is CS and US in psychology?
Definition. Classical conditioning occurs when a conditioned stimulus (CS) is paired with an unconditioned stimulus (US). After pairing is repeated the organism exhibits a conditioned response (CR) to the conditioned stimulus when the conditioned stimulus is presented alone.
What is Pavlov’s theory?
Ivan Pavlov Theory: Classical Conditioning First discovered by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), classical conditioning is a learning process governed by associations between an environmental stimulus and another stimulus which occurs naturally.
What is Ivan Pavlov’s theory?
In a series of experiments, he set out to provoke a conditioned response to a previously neutral stimulus. He opted to use food as the unconditioned stimulus, or the stimulus that evokes a response naturally and automatically.
What is generalization in psychology?
Generalization, in psychology, the tendency to respond in the same way to different but similar stimuli. For example, a dog conditioned to salivate to a tone of a particular pitch and loudness will also salivate with considerable regularity in response to tones of higher and lower pitch.
What does CR stand for in psychology?
conditioned response (CR): response caused by the conditioned stimulus. conditioned stimulus (CS): stimulus that elicits a response due to its being paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
Why do we distinguish between CR and UR?
Because CR And UR Have Different Form Even If They Have The Same Learning History Because CR And UR Have Different Learning Histories And Have Always Different Form Because Of Tradition, But CR And UR Are Actually The Same Behavior Because CR And UR Have Different Learning Histories And May Have Different Form.