Which of the following regions has the highest rates of unsafe abortions?
As of 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest abortion case-fatality rate of any world region, at roughly 185 deaths per 100,000 abortions, for a total of 15,000 preventable deaths every year.
Which region has seen the largest percentage decline in under 5 mortality since 1990?
While Sub-Saharan Africa has cut under-5 mortality rates by 48% since 1990, the region still has the world’s highest under-5 mortality rate – 92 deaths per 1,000 live births – nearly 15 times the average in high-income countries.
Where would you expect to find the highest prevalence of tobacco smoking among adults?
By U.S. Census region, prevalence of cigarette smoking among U.S. adults is highest among people living in the Midwest (22.2%) and the South (22.7%), and lowest among those living in the Northeast (20.1%) and West (16.3%) regions.
Which population is at greatest risk for unintentional injuries?
Whereas young people age 15 to 29 years accounted for the highest proportion of all unintentional injuries, those age 45 to 59 accounted for the highest proportion of injuries from poisonings, while those age 70 to 79 accounted for the highest proportion of injuries from falls (figure 39.2).
Are patient falls preventable?
In hospitals, approximately 3 to 20 percent of inpatients fall at least once during their stay. These falls are considered “preventable” by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid, and therefore healthcare facilities are held accountable for the costs of treating any resulting injuries.
What is the most common cause of falls?
Causes and Risk Factors for Falls Diabetes, heart disease, or problems with your thyroid, nerves, feet, or blood vessels can affect your balance. Some medicines can cause you to feel dizzy or sleepy, making you more likely to fall. Other causes include safety hazards in the home or community environment.
Can the risk of falling be removed?
Such activities reduce the risk of falls by improving strength, balance, coordination and flexibility. If you avoid physical activity because you’re afraid it will make a fall more likely, tell your doctor. He or she may recommend carefully monitored exercise programs or refer you to a physical therapist.
What time of day do most falls occur?
Most falls occur during the day; only 20% of falls occur at night . Of those at night, most occur between 9 pm and 7 am, perhaps when older people wake up to use the bathroom.
What causes a person to fall forward?
This can be caused by dehydration, ageing circulation, medical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and heart conditions and some medications used to treat high blood pressure. inner ear problems – such as labyrinthitis or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) problems with your heart rate or rhythm. …
What drugs increase risk of falling?
Medications that increase your risk of falling
- Anti-anxiety drugs, such as diazepam (Valium) and lorazepam (Ativan)
- Diphenhydramine (Benadryl), an older antihistamine.
- Prescription medications to treat overactive bladder, such as oxybu-tynin (Ditropan) and tolterodine (Detrol).
- Tricyclic antidepressants.
Can drop attacks be cured?
Treatment of drop attacks is still a matter of discussion; most cases have a benign course with spontaneous remission and no treatment is necessary. In severe cases, aggressive treatment (surgical or pharmacological) is necessary. A case of drop attack associated with vertical vertigo is presented.
Who is at high risk of falls?
Older people have the highest risk of death or serious injury arising from a fall and the risk increases with age. For example, in the United States of America, 20–30% of older people who fall suffer moderate to severe injuries such as bruises, hip fractures, or head trauma.
What drugs affect balance?
diabetes drugs, such as insulin, glipizide, and glyburide. heart drugs, such as anti-arrhythmics, nitrates and other vasodilators, and digoxin. pain drugs, such as opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) sleep drugs, such as sedatives and hypnotics.
What is losing balance a symptom of?
Loss of balance or unsteadiness Losing your balance while walking, or feeling imbalanced, can result from: Vestibular problems. Abnormalities in your inner ear can cause a sensation of a floating or heavy head and unsteadiness in the dark. Nerve damage to your legs (peripheral neuropathy).
What part of your body helps you keep your balance?
The cerebellum is a small part of the brain positioned at the back of the head, where it meets the spine, which acts as the body’s movement and balance control centre.
Is balance a sixth sense?
Often referred to as our “sixth sense,” balance relies on input from several areas of the body to keep you from falling — the inner ear, the eyes, the muscles and joints in your leg and spine. This sensory system is different from all other senses in your body.