Which two governments colonized most of South America?

Which two governments colonized most of South America?

It was “Portugal” and “Spain” that colonized most of South America.

Who colonized most of Central America?

By 1540, most of Central America was colonized by the Spanish under the name Captaincy General of Guatemala. On September 16th, 1810, Mexico declared its independence from Spain, attaining it in 1821. On September 15th, 1821, the Captaincy General was dissolved and Spanish rule was overthrown.

What country controlled the largest amount of land in Central and South America?

That meant Spain claimed land stretching from what we know today as the state of California, through Mexico, the countries of Central America and the Caribbean Sea, and nearly all of South America. Portugal claimed what is now the largest nation in South America, Brazil.

How did colonization affect South America?

When Europeans came to Latin America they brought many crops and ideas, but they also brought many deadly diseases to the previously isolated communities. That natives of Latin America had no immunity to these diseases, so the spread quickly and killed many.

Who colonized South America?

Countries such as Spain, France and Portugal colonized the region. Although most of Latin America was colonized by Spain, the countries of Portugal and France also had major influences on the region. Due to war and disease, native populations were decimated.

What was South America called before colonization?

In the Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic eras, South America and Africa were connected in a landmass called Gondwana, as part of the supercontinent Pangaea.

What was Latin America called before colonization?

the Olmecs of Mexico

How did Spain colonize South America?

The Spanish colonization of the Americas began under the Crown of Castile, and was spearheaded by the Spanish conquistadors. The Americas were invaded and incorporated into the Spanish Empire, with the exception of Brazil, British America, and some small regions in South America and the Caribbean.

When did Spain invade South America?

1492

What was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America?

What was the most significant result of the Spanish colonization of Central and South America? Spain became rich by stealing the wealth of the American colonies. Paying tribute included giving gold or human sacrifice victims to a larger, more powerful empire.

For what primary purpose did the Spanish enslave many American Indians *?

to build ships and grow tobacco.

Why did Spanish create missions in the colonies?

Spanish missions were explicitly established for the purpose of religious conversion and instruction in the Catholic faith. However, the mission system actually served as the primary means of integrating Indians into the political and economic structure of Florida’s colonial system.

Why did the Spanish mission system fail in Texas?

2. The Plains tribes resented the missionaries and their intrusion on their hunting grounds. 3. The missions were isolated and often lacked the supplies and people to survive.

What religious order did most Spanish priests who came to California belong to?

the Franciscan order to evangelize

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