Which virtue does Philippa Foot identify as benefiting community rather than self?
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|Which virtue does Philippa Foot identify as benefiting community rather than self?||Charity|
|Pride is the virtue between ______ and ______||humility & vanity|
|For Aristotle, it’s possible to have too much courage, for example when one has no fear at all in the face of danger.||True|
What is the word for a character trait that is the opposite of virtue quizlet?
Courage. Charity. Virtues are positive traits of character. True. The opposite of virtue is weakness.
What does virtue ethics help us determine?
Virtue ethics not only deals with the rightness or wrongness of individual actions, it provides guidance as to the sort of characteristics and behaviours a good person will seek to achieve. In that way, virtue ethics is concerned with the whole of a person’s life, rather than particular episodes or actions.
Which of the following is another word for Telos?
What is another word for telos?
|where one is heading|
What is the role of emotion in Kantian ethics?
In Kantian ethics, emotion cannot motivate a person to take the moral decision as Kant thinks that there can be a conflict between grounds of obligation, but there should not be any conflict regarding the role of obligation. As a human being, we are a combination of reason and emotion.
What is the opposite of kantianism?
However, in the area of moral ethics, utilitarianism is the opposite of Kantianism. Kantianism contends that there are absolute moral rights and wrongs with no exceptions. Utilitarianism contends that people should do actions that produce the greatest amount of happiness.
What are the main tenets of kantianism?
Kant’s moral philosophy is a deontological normative theory, which is to say he rejects the utilitarian idea that the rightness of an action is a function of how fruitful its outcome is. He says that the motive (or means), and not consequence (or end), of an action determines its moral value.
What is the difference between good will and duty?
Kant argues that no consequence can have fundamental moral worth; the only thing that is good in and of itself is the Good Will. The Good Will freely chooses to do its moral duty. That duty, in turn, is dictated solely by reason. The Good Will thus consists of a person’s free will motivated purely by reason.
What is a kantianism?
Kantian ethics are deontological, revolving entirely around duty rather than emotions or end goals. All actions are performed in accordance with some underlying maxim or principle, which are vastly different from each other; it is according to this that the moral worth of any action is judged.
What are the strengths and weaknesses of utilitarianism?
STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF UTILITARIANISM
|Act Utilitarianism is pragmatic and focuses on the consequences of an action.||Utilitarianism seeks to predict the consequences of an action, which is impossible.|
How does utilitarianism affect human life?
Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Utilitarians believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things (such as pain and unhappiness).
Can utilitarianism respect rights?
Therefore, utilitarianism protects and enhances human rights. The most significant alleged problem of utilitarianism is its rejection of the conventional view of justice: According to utilitarianism, taken per se, the well-being of a murderer is as important as the well-being of the President of the United States.
What are some problems with utilitarianism?
Perhaps the greatest difficulty with utilitarianism is that it fails to take into account considerations of justice. We can imagine instances where a certain course of action would produce great benefits for society, but they would be clearly unjust.
What is the difference between rule and act utilitarianism?
There is a difference between rule and act utilitarianism. The act utilitarian considers only the results or consequences of the single act while the rule utilitarian considers the consequences that result of following a rule of conduct .