Who called postwar Soviet Union policy in Eastern Europe the Iron Curtain?
In one of the most famous orations of the Cold War period, former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill condemns the Soviet Union’s policies in Europe and declares, “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent.” Churchill’s speech is considered one of the …
What did Churchill want at the Yalta Conference?
Each leader had an agenda for the Yalta Conference: Roosevelt wanted Soviet support in the U.S. Pacific War against Japan and Soviet participation in the UN; Churchill pressed for free elections and democratic governments in Eastern and Central Europe (specifically Poland); and Stalin demanded a Soviet sphere of …
What happened at Yalta?
At Yalta, the Big Three agreed that after Germany’s unconditional surrender, it would be divided into four post-war occupation zones, controlled by U.S., British, French and Soviet military forces. The city of Berlin would also be divided into similar occupation zones.
Was the site of Truman’s demands for free elections in Eastern Europe?
Terms in this set (10) The postwar ideological conflict between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. was called… The site of Truman’s demands for free elections in Eastern Europe was… At Yalta, the Big Three — the U.S.S.R.
Why did the US want free elections for Eastern Europe?
American president Harry S. Truman believed that Stalin’s reluctance to allow free elections in Eastern European nations was a clear violation of those countries’ rights. Truman, Stalin, and Churchill met at Potsdam, Germany, in July 1945. There, Truman pressed Stalin to permit free elections in Eastern Europe.
What is a Soviet satellite?
A satellite state is a country that is formally independent in the world, but under heavy political, economic and military influence or control from another country. As used for Central and Eastern European countries it implies that the countries in question were “satellites” under the hegemony of the Soviet Union.
Why are they called satellite nations?
The term “satellite nation” was coined as an analogy to planetary objects orbiting a larger object, such as moons around planets. Countries in the West started using the term “satellite nation” to describe these nations as they were held in the orbit or gravitational pull of the Soviet Union.
What was a Soviet puppet country?
The Soviet Union established puppet communist governments in East Germany, Albania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Hungary, and Bulgaria. Yugoslavia was also a communist state closely linked to the Soviet Union, but Yugoslavia retained autonomy in its own lines.
What strengthened the Soviet control over Eastern Europe?
The Warsaw Pact was set up in 1955. The Warsaw Pact was a defensive military alliance of the USSR and its satellite states in Eastern Europe. The Warsaw Pact helped to make Eastern Europe an effective ‘buffer zone’ for the USSR against the West.