Who was responsible for building the Parthenon?
Directed by the Athenian statesman Pericles, the Parthenon was built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias.
What contributions did Hippocrates make?
Greek physician Hippocrates of Cos (circa 460-377 B.C. ) is often called the “father of medicine”. His contributions to medicine include detailed observations of disease and its effects, and an understanding of how health is often influenced by diet, breakdowns in bodily processes, and the environment.
Who built the Acropolis of Athens?
Determined to bring the Acropolis to a level of splendor not seen before, Pericles initiated a massive building project that lasted 50 years. Under his direction, two well-known architects, Callicrates and Ictinus, and renowned sculptor Phidias helped plan and execute the Pericles’ plan.
Did Lord Elgin pay for the marbles?
Despite objections that Lord Elgin had “ruined Athens” by the time his work was done in 1805, the British Government purchased the marbles from him in 1816. They’ve been housed at the British Museum ever since.
Why was Lord Elgin gave permission to take the marbles?
According to the British Museum, Elgin was granted a firman (letter of instruction) granting him permission to take away the pieces… … “as a personal gesture after he encouraged the British forces in their fight to drive the French out of Egypt, which was then an Ottoman possession”.
Why won’t Britain return the Elgin marbles?
Boris Johnson won’t return 2,500-year-old Elgin Marbles to Greece as they had been ‘legally acquired’ by British Museum. The 2,500-year-old sculptures were removed from the Acropolis more than 200 years ago and have long been the subject of dispute.
Why are the Elgin marbles still controversial today?
Greece considers the Elgin Marbles stolen goods and has frequently demanded that they’re returned. It also claims to have preserved the relics from deterioration, having housed Elgin’s haul since 1861 – although a study last year found the relics have been irreparably damaged.
Did Britain steal the Elgin marbles?
The Marbles were transported by sea to Britain. Following a public debate in Parliament and its subsequent exoneration of Elgin, he sold the Marbles to the British government in 1816. They were then passed into the trusteeship of the British Museum, where they are now on display in the purpose-built Duveen Gallery.
Should Britain return the Elgin marbles?
The continued possession of the Elgin Marbles is a form of continued colonialism and the U.K. should return the marbles to correct some of their imperialistic wrongs of the past. He eventually sold the statues to the British government and later presented to the British Museum in 1816, where they are housed today.
Why do the British want to keep the sculptures?
The British Museum argues that the sculptures in their collection should remain in London because there’s nowhere to house them in Greece and that the Greek authorities can’t look after them.
Why the Parthenon Marbles should be returned to Greece?
Perhaps the most impassioned argument for the return of the Parthenon sculptures is that the pieces represent a vital and central part of Greek cultural heritage. The Parthenon Sculptures were made in Greece by Greeks to honour the glory of Greece. They represent the cultural identity of millions of people.
What was in the Parthenon?
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens was built between 447 and 438 BC as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos. Inside the building stood a colossal image of Athena Parthenos, constructed of gold and ivory by Pheidias and probably dedicated in 438 BC.
Why is the Parthenon so impressive?
The Parthenon has stood atop the Acropolis of Athens for nearly 2,500 years and was built to give thanks to Athena, the city’s patron goddess, for the salvation of Athens and Greece in the Persian Wars. The same year, a great gold and ivory statue of Athena, made by Phidias for the interior, was dedicated.