Who was the African American who first served on the Supreme Court justice?

Who was the African American who first served on the Supreme Court justice?

Thurgood Marshall

Which of the following names a naacp member who became the first African American Supreme Court justice?

What naacp member became a Supreme Court justice?

Marshall

Who was a key member of the naacp and would later become a Supreme Court justice?

Charles Hamilton Houston (September 3, 1895-April 22, 1950) was a black lawyer who helped play a role in dismantling the Jim Crow laws and helped train future Supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall.

Who was the first female Supreme Court justice?

Justice Sandra Day O’Connor

How did Plessy v Ferguson violate the 14th Amendment?

Plessy claimed the law violated the Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal Protection clause, which requires that a state must not “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” The Supreme Court disagreed with Plessy’s argument and instead upheld the Louisiana law.

Does the Separate Car Act violate the Fourteenth Amendment?

Arguments against the Separate Car Act: The act discriminates based on race and essentially creates a condition of involuntary servitude, in violation of the 13th Amendment. The act also violates the 14th Amendment.

What did separate but equal mean?

Separate but equal was a legal doctrine in United States constitutional law, according to which racial segregation did not necessarily violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed “equal protection” under the law to all people.

Can two races remain separated while striving for equality?

NO. Two races shouldn’t be “separate but equal”. It is impossible to strive for or even reach that equality if both races are constantly separated (therefore making one race (whites) feel more privileged than others). Separation and equality are not compatible in any way.

Is there an amendment against discrimination?

The Equal Protection Clause is part of the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The clause, which took effect in 1868, provides “nor shall any State deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.

Does the Constitution prohibit discrimination?

The Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution limit the power of the federal and state governments to discriminate. The Fourteenth Amendment explicitly prohibits states from violating an individual’s rights of due process and equal protection.

Why did the court reject Plessy’s 14th Amendment argument?

Plessy v. Ferguson, the court rejected Plessy’s arguments that the Louisiana Jim Crow law violated his constitutional rights under the 13th and 14th Amendments. Writing for the majority, Justice Henry Brown held that this law had nothing to do with slavery and therefore it did not violate the 13th Amendment.

Which 2 amendments did Plessy argue were violated?

He argued that Louisiana’s segregation law violated the 13th Amendment banning of slavery and the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause.

Why did the Supreme Court in 1896 decide Separate but equal did not violate the 14th Amendment?

Opinion of the Court deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” The Court concluded that although the Fourteenth Amendment was meant to guarantee legal equality of all races in America, it was not intended to prevent social or other types of discrimination.

Why was Brown v Board of Education unconstitutional?

Board of Education of Topeka, case in which on May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously (9–0) that racial segregation in public schools violated the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which prohibits the states from denying equal protection of the laws to any person within their jurisdictions.

Why did the Supreme Court agree to hear Brown vs Board of Education?

By overturning the “separate but equal” doctrine, the Court’s decision in Brown v. Board of Education had set the legal precedent that would be used to overturn laws enforcing segregation in other public facilities.

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