# Why are the tide changes the smallest when the sun moon and Earth are aligned?

## Why are the tide changes the smallest when the sun moon and Earth are aligned?

In both cases, the gravitational pull of the sun is “added” to the gravitational pull of the moon on Earth, causing the oceans to bulge a bit more than usual. This means that high tides are a little higher and low tides are a little lower than average.

## What happens to the tides of the earth moon and sun are all in a line group of answer choices?

Around each new moon and full moon, the sun, Earth, and moon arrange themselves more or less along a line in space. Then the pull on the tides increases, because the gravity of the sun reinforces the moon’s gravity.

## Does the sun affect Earth’s tides?

Based on its mass, the sun’s gravitational attraction to the Earth is more than 177 times greater than that of the moon to the Earth. Therefore, the sun’s tide-generating force is about half that of the moon, and the moon is the dominant force affecting the Earth’s tides.

## Why do tides happen on both sides of the earth?

Gravity and inertia act in opposition on the Earth’s oceans, creating tidal bulges on opposite sites of the planet. Because water is fluid, the two bulges stay aligned with the moon as the Earth rotates (Ross, D.A., 1995). The sun also plays a major role, affecting the size and position of the two tidal bulges.

## Why is the tidal cycle 24 hours and 50 minutes?

Unlike a 24-hour solar day, a lunar day lasts 24 hours and 50 minutes. This occurs because the moon revolves around the Earth in the same direction that the Earth is rotating on its axis. Therefore, it takes the Earth an extra 50 minutes to “catch up” to the moon.

## What would happen if I measured high and low tides on a beach for 24 hours and 50 minutes?

The moon will pass any point once every 24 hours and 50 minutes, which causes that point to experience two high tides and two low tides each day. Since the moon passes with that extra 50 minutes every day, the timing of the tides at any beach will shift by an hour or so every day.

## Why are tides higher in Maine?

The gravitational attraction of the moon causes the ocean to rise in the direction of the moon. Full moons cause very full tides, but every day in Maine the tides are significant – ranging from 8-11 feet of water ebbing and flowing – up and down the shoreline, the beach and in the rivers that flow to the ocean.

## Why does a tidal cycle take more than 12 hours quizlet?

-Because the Earth rotates through two tidal “bulges” every lunar day, most coastal areas experience two high and two low tides every 24 hours and 50 minutes. High tides occur 12 hours and 25 minutes apart. It takes six hours and 12.5 minutes for the water at the shore to go from high to low, or from low to high.

## What force pulls an orbiting body toward the center of that orbit?

The force that pulls an orbiting body toward the center of that orbit is called: centripetal. The difference between centripetal forces and gravitational forces is called the: resultant force.

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## When would a coastal area experience the largest tidal range?

The biggest tidal range is found in the Bay of Fundy, Canada where sea level rises and falls as much as 16 m (53 feet) in just over 6 hours. The smallest tidal ranges are less than 1 m (3 feet). The highest tides, called spring tides, are formed when the earth, sun and moon are lined up in a row.

## What ocean has the most powerful current?

Antarctic Circumpolar Current

The Gulf Stream

## What is the longest ocean current in the world?

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