Why did Sherman attack civilian infrastructure?

Why did Sherman attack civilian infrastructure?

Why did General William T. Sherman attack the civilian infrastructure between Atlanta and Savannah? To end civilian support for the war effort and shorten the war. The fighting was heavy along a line from Dalton to Atlanta to Savannah.

What did General Sherman do in the Civil War?

William Tecumseh Sherman, (born February 8, 1820, Lancaster, Ohio, U.S.—died February 14, 1891, New York, New York), American Civil War general and a major architect of modern warfare. He led Union forces in crushing campaigns through the South, marching through Georgia and the Carolinas (1864–65).

How did General Sherman attack Atlanta?

Sherman settled into a siege of Atlanta, shelling the city and sending raids west and south of the city to cut off the supply lines from Macon, Georgia. Both of Sherman’s cavalry raids including McCook’s raid and Stoneman’s Raid were defeated by Confederate cavalry collectively under General Wheeler.

What two Confederate generals failed to stop Sherman?

Palmetto was then headquarters for General John B. Hood, commanding the Confederate Army of Tennessee. Just two months earlier Davis had bumped Hood up the seniority ladder to take over the army after General Joseph E. Johnston had failed to stop Sherman’s march from Chattanooga to the outskirts of Atlanta.

Did Sherman’s March to the Sea kill civilians?

Sherman’s primary targets — foodstuffs and industrial, government and military property — were carefully chosen to create the desired effect, and never included mass killing of civilians…. He was fighting to bring rebels back into the Union, not to annihilate them.

What were the three main factors in food shortage in the South?

Many causes were at the root of food shortages: a drought in 1862 drove down food supplies; slaves who worked on farms and plantations were fleeing to Union lines; Federal troops were gaining control of more parts of the Confederacy; and, with the Confederate military having priority in terms of transportation, food …

What were the effects of food shortages on the South?

Confederate soldiers experienced food shortages, due to food spoilage, inadequate or disrupted supply lines, bad weather, the destruction of crops, and Union occupation of food. Food shortages had an enormous impact on the Civil War, reducing the ability of the South to wage war.

What was in short supply in the South?

Southerners consumed milk, corn, butter, meal, and an occasional piece of meat. Tea, sugar, and coffee were rare commodities for them. Agriculture suffered as farms and plantations were neglected when men left home to fulfill their military obligations to the Confederacy.

What caused food shortages in the south quizlet?

By the end of 1862, the South’s economy had begun to suffer. The collapse of its transportation system, the blockade of Southern ports, and the presence of Union troops in several important farming regions led to severe food shortages during the winter of 1862-1863 .

Why was life on the home front more difficult in the South than in the North?

Grant had more soldiers than Lee and could out soldier them. Why was life on the home front more difficult in the South than in the North? Fighting took place in south, inflation, and shortages were worse in the south. Thought Great Britain’s need for raw cotton would force them to help the south.

Why did the South suffer during the Civil War?

Most of the fighting during the American Civil War took place on Southern soil. In part, this was the result of the war strategies of both sides. As an agricultural region, the South had more difficulty than the North in manufacturing needed goods–for both its soldiers and its civilians. …

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