Why did the parts of Rajasthan Gujarat and the leeward side of Western Ghats are drought prone?
(v) Parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats are drought prone because they receive scanty rainfall. By the time they reach Rajasthan and Gujarat there is very less moisture left in these winds and so these areas are drought prone.
Why parts of Gujarat are more prone to drought?
In the states mentioned above, droughts are caused mainly because of the failure of the South-West monsoon which is responsible for 75% of the rainfall in the country, the report says. In 2014, though rainfall was 95.68% of the annual average of 797 mm, areas of Kutch and part of north Gujarat had faced scarcity.
Is Rajasthan in Western Ghats?
Parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats are drought-prone because of the scanty rainfall received by these regions during the monsoon rains. As the leeward side is the rain-shadow area, the regions lying in this region receive very little rain from the Arabian Sea branch.
Which of the following states does not fall into the drought prone zone in India?
km. Drought is a recurrent phenomenon in Andhra Pradesh where no district is entirely free of droughts. Rajasthan is one of the most drought prone areas of India. Eleven districts of the state are in arid regions including Jaisalmer as the driest district.
Which state in India is prone to drought?
Drought Situation in India The drought hit states are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, parts of the North-East, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Telangana. These states are home to 500 million people, almost 40% of the country’s population.
Who is most affected by droughts?
The Most Drought Prone Countries in the World
- Ethiopia. Poor harvests and recurrent insecurity in some regions of Ethiopia has led to food instability and falling food reserves across the country.
- Sudan. About 2.8 million people in Sudan are affected by drought every year.
What is the longest drought in Australia?
The Federation Drought from 1895 to 1903 was the worst in Australia’s history, if measured by the enormous stock losses it caused.
How can we prevent droughts?
- Check your well pump periodically.
- Plant native and/or drought-tolerant grasses, ground covers, shrubs, and trees, or small plants.
- Install irrigation devices that are the most water efficient for each use, such as micro and drip irrigation, and soaker hoses.
- Use mulch to retain moisture in the soil.
Why do developing countries struggle with drought?
The causes of droughts are essentially natural, but climate change increases the drought severity, frequency, duration, and spatial extent. The impacts of droughts are also strongly exacerbated by anthropological activities, such as deforestation, overgrazing, soil degradation, and water mismanagement.
What are the main causes of drought?
A lack of water in stores such as rivers, lakes, reservoirs and aquifers (water stored underground naturally) can lead to drought. Areas that rely on rainfall and surface water are more likely to experience drought. Surface water quickly evaporates in warm, dry conditions leading to an increased risk of drought.
Does climate change cause drought?
Just as climate change has worsened many extreme weather events, it has also impacted droughts. The excess heat now trapped in the climate system draws out more moisture from soils, thereby worsening drought conditions.
What are 4 problems caused by droughts?
Examples of drought impacts on society include anxiety or depression about economic losses, conflicts when there is not enough water, reduced incomes, fewer recreational activities, higher incidents of heat stroke, and even loss of human life.
What are the causes of drought and desertification?
Drought and desertification are closely related phenomena. Inappropriate land use, such as monocultures, and unsustainable land management practices, such as deforestation, unsuitable agricultural practices and overexploitation of water resources), can cause land degradation that can be further aggravated by drought.
What are the four causes of desertification?
Overgrazing is the major cause of desertification worldwide. Other factors that cause desertification include urbanization, climate change, overuse of groundwater, deforestation, natural disasters, and tillage practices in agriculture that make soils more vulnerable to wind.