Why is 1848 important in US history?
January–March Marshall finds gold at Sutter’s Mill, in Coloma, California. January 31 – The Washington Monument is established. February 2 – Mexican–American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the war and ceding to the US virtually all of what becomes the southwestern United States.
Who wrote The Significance of the Frontier in American History?
Frederick Jackson Turner
What implications does the closing of the frontier hold for the United States?
The closing of the frontier cause a reduction in individualism. The federal government gained more control over the direction of the nation. On the frontier people had to depend on themselves and their neighbors. With the closing of the frontier people had more reliance on assistance of government.
What do you know about why homesteaders went west?
As settlers and homesteaders moved westward to improve the land given to them through the Homestead Act, they faced a difficult and often insurmountable challenge. The land was difficult to farm, there were few building materials, and harsh weather, insects, and inexperience led to frequent setbacks.
How did the western frontier of the United States come to a close?
In 1891, Congress passed the Forest Reserve Act authorizing the president to close timber areas to settlement and create national forests by withdrawing the land from the public domain. President Benjamin Harrison immediately set aside 13 million acres under the legislation.
What was the influence of the West on American economy?
Land, mining, and improved transportation by rail brought settlers to the American West during the Gilded Age. New agricultural machinery allowed farmers to increase crop yields with less labor, but falling prices and rising expenses left them in debt.
Did the West use slaves?
The westward expansion of slavery was one of the most dynamic economic and social processes going on in this country. The westward expansion carried slavery down into the Southwest, into Mississippi, Alabama, crossing the Mississippi River into Louisiana. Finally, by the 1840’s, it was pouring into Texas.
What was an impact of settlement on the environment of the West?
Settlers created advanced irrigation systems to water their farmland. Cattle drives caused problems of overgrazing, making the land only suitable for farmland.
How did settlers travel west?
Most groups traveled at a pace of fifteen miles a day. Few traveled the overland trails alone; most settlers traveled with their families. Large groups of settlers joined together to form “trains.” Groups were usually led by “pilots” who were fur trappers or mountain men that would guide them on the trails.
What main groups of American and immigrants settled the West?
English, Scotch, Irish, German, and other immigrant groups came to America to seek new opportunities in the vast western lands.