Why is Kantian ethics bad?
German philosopher G. W. F. Hegel presented two main criticisms of Kantian ethics. For Hegel, it is unnatural for humans to suppress their desire and subordinate it to reason. This means that, by not addressing the tension between self-interest and morality, Kant’s ethics cannot give humans any reason to be moral.
Did Nietzsche read Kant?
Nietzsche, who had been a student and a professor of philology, had a thorough knowledge of the Greek philosophers. Among modern philosophers, his reading included Kant, Mill and Schopenhauer, who became major targets of criticism in his philosophy. He also mentions reading Hegel at the age of twenty.
Did Nietzsche read Marx?
Marx passed away in 1883 and Nietzsche started writing about philosophy only in 1878. He probably did not gain enough prominence for Marx to notice in his waning years. As for the influence the other way, Clark and Leiter write in Nietzsche: Daybreak, “there is no evidence, however, that Nietzsche ever read Marx”.
What is Kant main philosophy?
Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) argued that the supreme principle of morality is a standard of rationality that he dubbed the “Categorical Imperative” (CI).
What languages did Nietzsche know?
Did Nietzsche love his sister?
My Sister and I makes several bold and otherwise unreported biographical claims, most notably of an incestuous relationship between Nietzsche and his sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, as well as an affair with Richard Wagner’s wife Cosima. …
Did Nietzsche believe in free will?
In Beyond Good and Evil Nietzsche criticizes the concept of free will both negatively and positively. He calls it a folly resulting from extravagant pride of man; and calls the idea a crass stupidity. Will is generally considered a mental power. “Freedom” of will could then be interpreted as: power of will (cf.
Was Nietzsche a nihilist?
Nietzsche is a self-professed nihilist, although, if we are to believe him, it took him until 1887 to admit it (he makes the admission in a Nachlass note from that year). No philosopher’s nihilism is more radical than Nietzsche’s and only Kierkegaard’s and Sartre’s are as radical.
Why is nihilism wrong?
Realizing that eternalism and existentialism are wrong is the main reason people try to be nihilists, which makes it a more intelligent stance. However, nihilism itself—“nothing is meaningful”—is harmful and mistaken. This chapter explains why, with detailed analyses that are unlike those you have seen before.
What is the greatest weight of aphorism 341?
The greatest weight: – What, if some day or night a demon were to steal after you into your loneliest loneliness and say to you: “This life as you now live it and have lived it, you will have to live once more and innumerable times more; and there will be nothing new in it, but every pain and every joy and every …
Can nihilists love?
Yes, of course they can. Anyone who denies this is denying the existence of a natural and powerful human condition. It’s like asking “can nihilists smell flowers”. Nihilists can love and do love.
Can nihilists have morals?
Nihilists assert that there are no moral values, principles, truths. A nihilist is not the same thing as a skeptic, because although a nihilist will agree with the skeptic — that humans cannot have knowledge about moral realities, not all skeptics will agree with nihilists.
Can nihilists be happy?
Originally Answered: Can I be happy as a nihilist? Yes, happiness is a seperate thing from meaning. As a nihilist, there is no objective reason as to why you should live rather than kill yourself, and a nihilist generally doesn’t try to find a subjective meaning to life either.
How do nihilists live their lives?
- Life as a nihilist does not mean that you cannot find subjective happiness and meaning in your life, but rather that you accept that there is no objective reason for you to exist.
- So do what makes you happy, and understand every day that the only meaning in your life is the meaning you construct.
Is the Joker a nihilist?
The Joker is not really absurdist or nihilist. He might represent tenets of each from time to time, but the Joker does not actually follow the tenets of any belief system or philosophy. The Joker does not care about Isms. He actually has this trait in common with Ferris Bueller.
Who is a famous nihilist?
Is Buddha a nihilist?
Buddha was not a nihilist in the western sense of the word. However in terms of spirituality, his philosophy comes under soonyavad (nihilism). At times, such a philosophy has also motivated people to commit suicide because they loose the basis of their existence when they start believing that life is meaningless.
Can a nihilist believe in God?
Yes. A nihilist believes that there aren’t absolutes – no absolute meaning or purpose for life, no absolute moral standards. That does not exclude belief in a god.
What is the opposite of a nihilist?
For Camus, the entire purpose of Existential philosophy is to overcome absurdity, or, more accurately, for man to triumph over the absurdity of existence. So Existentialism is the opposite of nihilism: the nihilist says “There is no god, no heaven or hell, so screw it: there can be no right or wrong.
Who is the father of nihilism?
Nihilism has existed in one form or another for hundreds of years, but is usually associated with Friedrich Nietzsche, the 19th century German philosopher (and pessimist of choice for high school kids with undercuts) who proposed that existence is meaningless, moral codes worthless, and God is dead.
What does Nietzsche think of 21st century?
Nietzsche saw it as symptomatic of society at large. For with the death of the Christian god, Nietzsche knew that the need for a god would still remain. The masses, he thought, would always need an idol to worship, a “shadow of god” to which they can bow.
Does existentialism lead to nihilism?
Existential nihilism is the philosophical theory that life has no intrinsic meaning or value. The inherent meaninglessness of life is largely explored in the philosophical school of existentialism, where one can potentially create their own subjective ‘meaning’ or ‘purpose’.
How do I stop being a nihilist?
The way to stop being a nihilist is to provisionally accept a variety of stories. There are many points of view and we should be able to use any one of them, even if some of them directly contradict others.
Can nihilism be cured?
There is no cure. I’ve heard too much Jordan Peterson to know this is a waste of my time. Also, none of these points help with Nihilism, only sadness and apathy. I’ve never been more triggered.
How do you deal with nihilists?
A good way to deal with nihilism would be to contrast it with the diametrically opposite possibility. A situation where there is perfect meaning to life, with perfect happiness, no sorrow or injustice, and where the progress of nature ensures this in every way.
Is nihilism a disease?
Nihilism is a critical, unbearable situation in which the world appears to be without values; it is a sickness, the pathological history that leads to it; finally, it is the infection from which all of this began: the attempt to order life in a way that it cannot be ordered.
What is the answer to nihilism?
Perspective is the “solution” to nihilism. Meaning itself is dependent entirely on your perspective. If you don’t interpret the words that you’re reading on this screen as words that mean something, they are nothing but meaningless scribbles.