Why is the government separated into 3 branches?
To ensure a separation of powers, the US Federal Government is made up of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial To ensure the government is effective and citizens’ rights are protected, each branch has its own powers and responsibilities, including working with the other branches
Which branch has the most power?
Which branch can declare war?
The Constitution grants Congress the sole power to declare war
What can the Senate do that the house cant?
The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to ratify treaties
What is the difference between congressman and senator?
For this reason, and in order to distinguish who is a member of which house, a member of the Senate is typically referred to as Senator (followed by “name” from “state”), and a member of the House of Representatives is usually referred to as Congressman or Congresswoman (followed by “name” from the “number” district of
Who is considered a member of Congress?
Members of the Senate are referred to as senators; members of the House of Representatives are referred to as representatives, congresswomen, or congressmen
What is the current makeup of the Senate?
|United States Senate|
|Seats||(or 50 plus the Vice President) for a majority|
|Political groups||Majority (50) Democratic (48) Independent (2) Minority (50) Republican (50)|
|Length of term||6 years|
How do you become a US Senator?
The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she
What degree do most senators have?
The Congressional Research Service notes that the vast majority of Members (95 percent) had an academic degree:
- 168 Representatives and 57 Senators had a law degree
- 83 Representatives and 16 Senators earned a master’s degree – often a Master of Business Administration (MBA) – as their highest educational degree
Who is the most senior US senator?
The most senior senator, Patrick Leahy, did not reach the 40-year mark until January 3, 2015 From November 7, 1996, when Strom Thurmond reached the 40-year mark during the 104th Congress, until Daniel Inouye died on December 17, 2012, there was always at least one senator who had served for 40 years
Has a senator ever been expelled?
Sincete has expelled only 15 members Of that number,lled during the Civil War for supporting the Confederacy In several other cases, the Senate considered expulsion but either dropped those proceedings or failed to act before the member left office
Who is currently the longest serving female member of the US Congress?
Her record was surpassed in 2011 by Barbara Mikulski of Maryland, who served for 30 years from 1987 to 2017 In combined membership of Congress, Barbara Mikulsi is the longest serving member of either house, having held a total of 40 years in Congress (the first 10 being served in the House of Representatives)
Who is the highest ranking elected woman in history?
Condoleezza Rice was appointed Secretary of State in became the highest-ranking woman in the United States presidential line of succession in history
Who is the longest serving female senator?
In 2011, Barbara Mikulski became the longest-serving female senator in history As of 2020, she remains the longest-serving female senator, having served for 30 years
Who was the first woman in Congress?
No history of American representative government could properly be written without a major reference to Representative Jeannette Rankin The Montana Republican carries the distinction of being the first woman elected to the US Congress
How do you address a female congressman?
Spoken Address When addressing a representative personally, address him or her as “Mr/Mrs/Ms,” followed by the representative’s last name The informal honorifics “Congressman,” “Congresswoman,” or “Representative” may be used as an alternative, if your representative prefers
How many US senators are female?
There are currently 24 women in the Senate