Why is the PPF shaped the way it is?
The first is the fact that the budget constraint is a straight line. This is because its slope is given by the relative prices of the two goods. In contrast, the PPF has a curved shape because of the law of the diminishing returns. The second is the absence of specific numbers on the axes of the PPF.
What determines the shape and position of the PPF?
The shape of the PPF depends on whether there are increasing, decreasing, or constant costs. The slope of the PPF indicates the opportunity cost of producing one good versus the other good, and the opportunity cost can be compared to the opportunity costs of another producer to determine comparative advantage.
What does the PPF line represent?
In business analysis, the production possibility frontier (PPF) is a curve illustrating the varying amounts of two products that can be produced when both depend on the same finite resources. The PPF demonstrates that the production of one commodity may increase only if the production of the other commodity decreases.
What does a point outside the PPF curve represent?
A point outside the production possibilities curve represents a combination of goods that is: unattainable. If an economy keeps increasing its capital stock/number of workers/technology/natural resources, then over time its production possibilities curve will: shift to the right.
What would cause the entire PPC to shift outwards?
Therefore to achieve any point beyond PPC, there is need for increase in the present supply of resources and technology which leads to an outward shift in PPC as overall production increases which results in economic growth.
Why are points inside the PPC inefficient?
Hence, all points in PPF are efficient and a movement between one efficient point to another, means that more of one product is produced only if less of the other is produced. This creates a trade-off due to scarcity of resources. All points inside PPF are inefficient points.
Which point Cannot be attained with the current state of technology?
production possibility frontier. cannot be produced with the current state of technology. According to this figure the optimal point is: indeterminate from the information given.
How do you shift out the PPC?
Ways of causing an outward shift of a country’s production possibility frontier:
- Investment in capital i.e. plant and machinery and new technology.
- Inward migration of younger, skilled workers.
- Discovery of new natural resources.
- Improved education, training and healthcare to lift labour productivity.
What factors can cause a PPF to shift inward?
Factors that Shift Production Possibility Frontier
- Natural disasters such as earth quakes, floods, etc.
- Wars, terrorism, violent protests and other political disruptions can stall the economic activity and shift the PPF inwards.
Can a PPF shift inward?
A PPF will shift inwards when an economy has suffered a loss or exhaustion of some of its scarce resources. This reduces an economy’s productive potential.
Does demand affect PPF?
An inward shift in the PPF means that the production of both goods decreases because of a change in resources or technology. The production possibilities frontier (PPF) does not say anything about the demand for either of the products.
What are examples of the factors of production?
Factors of production is an economic term that describes the inputs used in the production of goods or services in order to make an economic profit. These include any resource needed for the creation of a good or service. The factors of production include land, labor, capital and entrepreneurship.
How do these factors affect your production?
Environmental influences – The climate, soil, water supply, human actions and other environmental factors can also affect productivity. Costs – A large part of the cost of establishment and maintenance of production is labour. The next major cost is inputs such as fertilisers and pesticides.
What is the asset and the most significant factor in the production?
Answer. Human capital is the most important factor of production because it puts together land, labour and physical Capital and produce an output either to use for self consumption or to sell in the market.
What are the five factors of production which ones seem to be the most important for creating wealth?
What are the five factors of production? Which ones seem to be the most important for creating wealth? The factors of production are: land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship, and knowledge. Of these, entrepreneurship and knowledge seem to be the most important.
Which of the production resources is the most important why?
Answer: human resources considered as the most important factor of production because human resource results in the economic growth of the country . investing in human resource could ultimately increases the production of other resources.