Why was Europe divided into East West?
At the end of the Second World War Germany was occupied by the victorious Allied forces. The border between the two countries became the main European front line in the Cold War – the symbolic ‘iron curtain’. …
How were East and West Germany divided?
At the end of the Second World War, Germany was divided into four zones of occupation under the control of the United States, Britain, France and the Soviet Union. The American, British and French sectors would form West Berlin and the Soviet sector became East Berlin. …
What did Winston Churchill mean by the Iron Curtain?
Churchill meant that the Soviet Union had separated the eastern European countries from the west so that no one knew what was going on behind the “curtain.” He used the word “iron” to signify that it was impenetrable.
What does Stalin refuse to allow in Eastern Europe?
American president Harry S. Truman believed that Stalin’s reluctance to allow free elections in Eastern European nations was a clear violation of those countries’ rights. In a speech in early 1946, Stalin declared that communism and capitalism could not exist in the same world.
What’s a warmonger?
: one who urges or attempts to stir up war.
Why did the US and USSR become enemies?
The United States government was initially hostile to the Soviet leaders for taking Russia out of World War I and was opposed to a state ideologically based on communism. However, the Soviet stance on human rights and its invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 created new tensions between the two countries.
How did the United States plan to stop the spread of communism in Europe?
In 1947, President Harry S. Truman pledged that the United States would help any nation resist communism in order to prevent its spread. His policy of containment is known as the Truman Doctrine. To help rebuild after the war, the United States pledged $13 billion of aid to Europe in the Marshall Plan.
What was the underlying cause of the Cold War quizlet?
A state of political rivalry and tension existing between the Western Allies (favoring democratically elected governments and independent European states) and the Soviet Union (striving for a Soviet-influenced bloc of communist countries).