Why was the Encomienda system important to Spanish settlers quizlet?
Through encomienda system, Spanish government gave Indians to certain colonists in exchange for the promise to Christianize them. Significance: This system lead to future exploitation of natives and slaves. Spain and Portugal signed this treaty which divided the territories of the New World.
What was the purpose of the Encomienda system?
What was the goal and purpose of the Encomienda system and why didn’t it work? The goal was to enslave Native Americans and the purpose was to use the slaves as a labor source. It didn’t work because the Native Americans knew the land and could escape easily. they also were not immune to the diseases and died.
What was the Spanish Encomienda system?
The encomienda system is a labor system established by the Spanish Crown in the 1500s. This new system rewarded Spanish explorers, conquistadors, and military men with land in the New World. But they didn’t just get the land, they got the labor of the people living on the land as well.
What was the Encomienda system and how did the Spaniards benefit from it?
The encomienda system (in theory) was a feudal-like system where Spaniards would offer protection and education to the native populations in exchange for labor and money/gifts. It was beneficial to the Spanish because they were able to extract labor at no cost.
Is the Encomienda system still present in our society?
The crown attempted to fix the system by passing various laws throughout the century, but the encomenderos refused to comply with these new measures. Eventually, the encomienda system was replaced by the repartimiento system, but it was not abolished until the late 18th century.
What was the main result of the Encomienda system?
Cause & Effect: The cause of the Encomienda system was the Spanish crown offering land and Indian slaves to conquistadors going to the new world. The effect was heavy depopulation of Indians from brutality and disease leading into African slaves becoming a new labor force. You just studied 15 terms!
What replaced the Encomienda system?
The encomienda system was generally replaced by the crown-managed repartimiento system throughout Spanish America after mid-sixteenth century.
What was the root of the Encomienda system?
The encomienda had its roots in the Spanish Reconquista (reconquest) of the Iberian Peninsula from the eighth to the fifteenth centuries. After the conquest of Granada in 1492, the Spanish crown parceled out lands as encomiendas to soldiers who were, in turn, to Christianize the Moors.
Why did African slavery replace indentured servitude after 1676?
Landowners turned to African slaves as a more profitable and ever-renewable source of labor and the shift from indentured servants to racial slavery had begun.
Where was indentured servitude most common?
Indentured people were numerically important mostly in the region from Virginia north to New Jersey. Other colonies saw far fewer of them. The total number of European immigrants to all 13 colonies before 1775 was about 500,000; of these 55,000 were involuntary prisoners.
What is the relationship between slavery and capitalism?
The proponents of capitalism believed that free markets in goods and labor and the ability to invest money for profit would make the world a better place. This same period also saw the development of a widespread system of chattel slavery. In the Atlantic world, large numbers of people—mainly from Africa—were enslaved.
How did slavery help the industrial revolution?
Slavery provided the raw material for industrial change and growth. The growth of the Atlantic economy was an integral part of the growth of exports – for example manufactured cotton cloth was exported to Africa. The Atlantic economy can be seen as the spark for the biggest change in modern economic history.
How did technology affect slavery?
Several new books demonstrate that changes in technology profoundly altered the lives and labor of slaves. Examinations of the cotton gin, steamboats, sugar plantations, and clocks have revealed that technology brought enormous change to the bulk of slaves, not just those living in urban areas or working in factories.
Why was slavery a big part of the Civil War?
Slavery played the central role during the American Civil War. The primary catalyst for secession was slavery, especially Southern political leaders’ resistance to attempts by Northern antislavery political forces to block the expansion of slavery into the western territories.